You searched for "arteritis"

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Using graphical illustration to predict giant cell arteritis

A nomogram is a chart or graph of scaled variables that facilitates the approximate computation of a mathematical function via intersecting lines. The objective of this study was to illustrate the use of a nomogram for the prediction of giant...

A survey of neuro-ophthalmologists on use of corticosteroids in giant cell arteritis

While corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment in giant cell arteritis (GCA), the type, dose, route and duration of treatment remains controversial. The authors surveyed 180 neuro-ophthalmologists on their use of this treatment via email in a two-month period. Results...

Neuro-ophthalmic disease patterns in Southeast Asia with particular reference to giant cell arteritis

As indicated in an earlier article in Eye News [1] Dr Cullen was invited in 2000 to the Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC) as visiting Professor with a specific remit to set up a specialist neuro-ophthalmology service, which was the...

Literature review of isolated ocular motor nerve palsies

Patients aged over 50 presenting with isolated nerve palsies of the third (pupil sparring), fourth or sixth nerves, are often described as having microvascular extraocular palsies. This review looks critically at the evidence surrounding these microvascular non-arteritic extraocular palsies and...

Unusual case presentation of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors present a single case of an 84-year-old man with arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, but with unusual features on temporal artery biopsy. He presented with a three-day history of sudden onset of loss of vision in his right...

It’s not always GCA

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an immune mediated granulomatous inflammatory disease that affects muscular middle or large sized arteries. It is considered as a continuation of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) when the severity of the disease has increased. It is the...

Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION): a review

Ischaemic optic neuropathy (ION) is the commonest adult optic neuropathy encountered today in our ageing population, is a common cause of irreversible visual loss and is usually associated with underlying vascular disease. The condition is classified as follows: (a) Anterior...

Validity of coding in neuro-ophthalmology within large administrative datasets

A systematic review of validation studies of the International Classification of Disease (ICD) coding system, ICD-9 and ICD-10 is presented by the authors. Three searches were conducted based on three concepts, firstly health administration claims and ICD codes, secondly diagnostic...

Case series of posterior scleritis

This report aimed to facilitate the correct diagnosis of posterior scleritis, a condition which is usually overlooked or misdiagnosed. Electronic health records of 31 patients with posterior scleritis were analysed and compared to a group with isolated anterior scleritis of...

A retrospective medical notes review in patients with poor vision due to NAION

Very severe visual loss (hand movements or less) is typical of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION) and relatively rare in non-arteritic AION (NAION). This study aimed to report the frequency of very poor visual acuity (VA) in NAION. The...

A novel way to distinguish between types of anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors evaluate the monocyte to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio (MHR) in patients with arteritic and non arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (A-AION / NA-AION). A distinction between the two types of AION is essential to begin appropriate treatment, which...

Investigation of blood platelet parameters in anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The aim of this clinical retrospective comparative study was to assess the possible relationship between arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AAION) and non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) with blood platelet parameters and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR). The medical records of...