You searched for "Idiopathic"

109 results found

Using lumbar puncture as a diagnostic tool of IIH when the presentation is typical

The authors present the findings of a retrospective observational chart review across three neuro-ophthalmology clinics. Databases at each clinic were searched using inclusion criteria based on established diagnostic criteria for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Cases with missing data, atypical findings...

Investigating MOG-IgG as a cause for optic perineuritis

Optic perineuritis can be a manifestation of infectious and systemic inflammatory disorders, but in most cases is considered idiopathic. Diagnosis is established by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the demonstration of optic nerve sheath enhancement with sparing of the optic...

Graded Andersons procedure for nystagmus

The authors performed a recession of yoked muscles in patients with idiopathic infantile nystagmus (IIN) in a graded manner based on the amount of head turn. This was a retrospective case series of 37 patients; 26 males, 11 females aged...

Understanding retinal ciliopathy through Bardet-Biedl syndrome

This is a review article looking at up-to-date understanding and ongoing research in retinal ciliopathies. Syndromic ciliopathies consist of a group of disorders caused by ciliary dysfunction or abnormal ciliogenesis. These disorders have multiorgan involvement in addition to retinal degeneration...

Localising the cause of bloody tears

The authors present two cases of ‘idiopathic’ bloody tearing. The paper presents the potential causes of bloody tearing, highlighting the difficulty that can be encountered in diagnosing and managing these patients. The authors use punctal plugs in these cases which...

Paediatric uveitis in India

This article was a retrospective review of paediatric patients presenting to a tertiary hospital in India. Records over a three year period were reviewed. The authors highlight that children account for about 2.2-13.8% of uveitis patients and are at greater...

Bupivicaine injection for Bell’s palsy

This study assesses the use of intramuscular bupivicaine to treat lid retraction and lagophthalmos in facial palsy. It is a prospective non-comparative interventional series of 10 patients with Bell’s palsy (House-Brackman grade IV or V) who each received three serial...

Persistence of Ebola virus in ocular fluid during convalescence

The most recent Ebola outbreak has infected over 26,300 patients, but also resulted in the highest number of survivors in history. Uveitis has been described during the convalescent period, but Varkey and colleagues report, for the first time, finding viable...

Insects, swelling and sight loss: a case of orbital inflammatory syndrome

Despite being the most common cause of painful orbital mass in adults and the third most common orbital disease, orbital inflammatory syndrome still proves to be a difficult ocular condition to diagnose, treat, and manage. A 41-year-old lady presented to...

Characteristics and incidence of sixth nerve palsy in children with intracranial hypertension

The authors report the incidence and characteristics of sixth cranial nerve palsy in paediatric patients with intracranial hypertension. A retrospective review of records was performed in central Ohio over a three year period and nine children were found to have...

IgG4 related orbital disease

This retrospective study was done to determine the prevalence of IgG4 related orbital disease (IgG4ROD) in patients who previously had biopsies for suspected idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease (IOID) and / or orbital lymphoproliferative disease (OLD). The charts and slides of...

Uveitic glaucoma

The purpose of this retrospective study from two tertiary Institutions in Israel over a period of 13 years, is to present the long-term outcomes of uveitic glaucoma and to identify risk factors for progression. The study included 34 patients (53...