You searched for "Idiopathic"

130 results found

Metamorphopsia in idiopathic epiretinal membranes

The Amsler grid is commonly used for self-monitoring, but is qualitative and has low sensitivity. The M-chart reduces the amount of spatial redundancy (‘filling in’) in the Amsler grid. The Orientation Discrimination (OD) test studied in this paper consists of...

An update on idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The incidence of Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is increasing, likely in line with the worldwide epidemic of obesity. To date, there have been revisions in the terminology used and diagnostic criteria for IIH; these recognise the need to exclude secondary...

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

IIH is a medical condition where the intracranial pressure (ICP) is raised without an obvious cause. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced in by the choroid plexus in the lateral ventricles and the roof of the third and fourth ventricles,...

Features of idiopathic versus non-idiopathic ocular motor apraxia

The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of ocular motor apraxia (OMA) in a paediatric neuro-ophthalmology clinic over 10 years. This was a retrospective case review and included 37 patients of which 46% were idiopathic...

Rituximab efficacy for juvenile idiopathic arthritis

This is a retrospective study about the long-term efficacy of rituximab in patients with severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. A total of eight patients (15 eyes) were recruited in this study in a single tertiary referral centre from Italy....

The expanding spectrum of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

This is a review article from a tertiary centre in Atlanta, US. With rising obesity rates and increasing access for MRI scans there has been a large increase in patients requiring an urgent papilloedema check with incidental findings on MRI...

A case of bilateral idiopathic sclerochoroidal calcification

Idiopathic sclerochoroidal calcification (ISC) is a rare, benign disorder of the choroid and sclera. We present a visually asymptomatic 83-year-old caucasian male with clinical findings bilaterally of ISC, and discuss the investigations required to confirm diagnosis and help prevent further...

Effects of idiopathic intracranial hypertension on the optic nerves

The authors review the latest evidence regarding how the optic nerves are affected by idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), possible pathophysiology and methods of assessment. IIH is described as a clinical syndrome of raised intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. A systematic...

Resolution of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH): case series

The authors report the findings from 14 patients following treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). All 14 patients experienced an immediate and sustained resolution of the IIH in the setting of prolonged cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage at a rate greater...

Use of group consultations in the management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) has risen by >100% between 2002 and 2016 in the UK, in association with rising obesity rates. This increasing incidence has inevitably led to increased pressures on service capacity. Evidence for other conditions...

Narrative review of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in children / adolescents

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) affects both children and adults. Whilst the majority of IIH is mainly seen amongst adults, it also affects children. There are currently no clinical trials in IIH for those who are adolescents or children. The aims...

Idiopathic orbital pseudotumor as first sign of systemic inflammatory disease

The authors describe four children in whom idiopathic orbital pseudotumor (IOP) was the initial solitary finding with systemic inflammatory disease developing later. Four children were seen over a five-year period. Mean age was 9.75 years (2-14). Three were white and...