You searched for "proptosis"

3092 results found

VKH outcomes with pulse IV steroids

This is a retrospective review of clinical case notes records of 111 Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) patients between 1999 and 2015 from a single centre in Tokyo, Japan. The mean age at presentation was 41 years and the median follow-up period was...

OCTA in geographic atrophy

In this article the authors aim to give an overview of the current literature concerning the application of OCT-A in geographic atrophy (GA). GA is a disease characterised by loss of outer retinal layers including photoreceptors, degeneration of the retinal...

Caring for adults with an ocular tumour

Detection If you screen for an intraocular tumour, dilate the pupil. If the patient is driving, use phenylephrine only. If the patient declines, document this in the casenotes. Don’t forget to look for sentinel vessels, which would indicate a ciliary...

Making sense of the orthoptic assessment

Following the Specialty Trainee article on this topic in the February/March 2020 issue, Joe Smith provides a more detailed breakdown of the orthoptic report. Orthoptists investigate, diagnose and manage a wide variety of patients with varying problems. In this article,...

Understanding and confronting bacterial endophthalmitis

Abdus Samad Ansari highlights the importance of early recognition of this condition using an unusual presentation. Endophthalmitis is a medical emergency with devastating consequences. Despite adequate treatment, severe cases frequently result in permanent blindness. Endophthalmitis involves inflammation of both the...

White dot syndromes

It is fair to say that trainees and consultants who are not medical retina specialists are a bit scared of the so called retinal ‘white dot syndromes’. It is easy to understand why this is the case, as almost every...

What's trending Feb/Mar 2022

A round-up of the eye-related hot topics that have been trending over the last few weeks. British man fitted with 3D printed eye Steve Verze of London has required a prosthetic eye for over 20 years. On 25 November 2021,...

Review of non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

This article reviews the risk factors, clinical presentation and therapies that have been investigated for non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAAION). Additionally, it provides an update from recent rodent and primate models, offering a new insight into the pathophysiology of...

Timing of vitrectomy for retained lens fragments

The purpose of this study was to compare the results of same setting vitrectomy with delayed vitrectomy for retained lens fragments following cataract surgery. Same setting vitrectomy was defined as the patient not leaving the operating table following cataract surgery....

Myasthenia Gravis Masquerading as a Third Cranial Nerve Palsy

A 65-year-old man presented with a week’s history of binocular diplopia (in all directions of gaze) and a right partial ptosis. He was systemically well. His past medical history was unremarkable except for vitiligo. At presentation acuity was 6/6 bilaterally....

Treatment of diabetic macular oedema

Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication associated with diabetic retinopathy, and the most common cause of visual impairment in diabetes [1]. With predicted rising levels of diabetes (in England by 2025 the estimated population with diabetes will be...

Myasthenia gravis presenting with isolated ptosis: a poorly studied subgroup

Investigation into the cause of one isolated symptom or sign can be challenging if that particular sign may be caused by a variety of pathological processes, affecting different tissues, and presenting to different specialties. Unilateral ptosis is a case in...