You searched for "lesion"

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Aug/Sep 2015 Quiz 1

History A 60-year-old woman was referred to ophthalmology with a suspected left eye choroidal naevus. Visual acuity was unaffected in both eyes and she was asymptomatic. Ocular history and medical history were unremarkable. Questions Figure 1: Fundus photograph. 1. What...

Aug/Sep 2014 Quiz 2

History A 27-year-old man presented to the emergency department with blurred vision and central scotoma in the right eye (RE) over the previous weeks. He had no relevant medical history and he was not on any current medication. However, he...

Efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept injection in wet age-related macular degeneration

This is a sub-group study of double masked review of patients randomised to different dosages and treatment frequency compared between aflibercept and ranibizumab treatment. This is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) in Japanese patients with...

Biopsy of nasolacrimal duct using sheath guided dacryoendoscopy

In this study the author’s biopsied six eyes of five individuals with recurrent nasolacrimal duct obstruction following a prior dacryoendoscopic probing. All procedures were performed under local anaesthetic, the obstruction or lesion was directly visualised with dacryoendoscope and biopsy was...

White dot syndromes

It is fair to say that trainees and consultants who are not medical retina specialists are a bit scared of the so called retinal ‘white dot syndromes’. It is easy to understand why this is the case, as almost every...

Jun/Jul 2017 Quiz

History A 57-year-old female patient presented with gradual painless diplopia over the last six months. Examination revealed restricted upward eye movements and 4mm proptosis which did not increase with Valsalva manoeuvre. Intraocular pressure was normal, no visual defects were noted,...

Radiologic characteristics of cavernous venous malformations

This study is a retrospective review of cases with a preoperative radiologic diagnosis of cavernous venous malformations (CVMs) over 30 years. The aim of this study was to define imaging characteristics of CVMs, which will help differentiate these lesions from...

Fusion vergence measures

The purpose of this study was to compare fusional vergence measurements between orthophoria, esophoria and exophoria and determine the strength of correlation between fusional vergence and angle of deviation. This was a cross-section study of 530 children aged six to...

Strange Sequelae Succeeding ‘Surfer’s Eye’

Ophthalmologists in the UK are relatively infrequently faced with a patient requesting surgery for a pterygium. This condition is more common where ultraviolet exposure is greater, especially if coupled with activities associated with ocular surface irritation. For this reason, a...

A log in the eye

"My friend wanted to show how far he could throw that log. So, he helicoptered it over his head, faster and faster and when he let go, it hit my eye at full speed,” a young lady of 19 years...

Understanding vasoproliferative retinal tumours

Syed Irtiza Ali Shah explores this rare and unusual condition through a fascinating case presentation. Vasoproliferative tumours of the retina (VPTR) are a vascular mass with an associated exudative retinopathy alongside the presence of minimally dilated feeder vessels. This is...

Aug/Sep 2014 Quiz 1

History A 50-year-old female with a history of smoking, weight loss and cough presents to the ophthalmology clinic with a distorted pupil. Examination reveals a mass on the surface and within the iris (see Figure 1). The ophthalmologists decide to...