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1325 results found

Cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular AMD

This retrospective matched case control study evaluated outcomes and predictive factors of visual acuity (VA) change after cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular age related macular degeneration (nAMD). They compared 124 patients that had cataract surgery with 372...

A single intravitreal bevacizumab in the treatment of breast carcinoma related choroidal metastasis

Case report Choroidal metastasis represents a common form of intraocular malignancies occurring in up to 10% of patients with systemic metastasis [1]. The most common primary sites of ocular metastasis are breast carcinoma in women and lung carcinoma in men,...

Aug/Sep 2015 Quiz 1

History A 60-year-old woman was referred to ophthalmology with a suspected left eye choroidal naevus. Visual acuity was unaffected in both eyes and she was asymptomatic. Ocular history and medical history were unremarkable. Questions Figure 1: Fundus photograph. 1. What...

Aug/Sep 2014 Quiz 2

History A 27-year-old man presented to the emergency department with blurred vision and central scotoma in the right eye (RE) over the previous weeks. He had no relevant medical history and he was not on any current medication. However, he...

Efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept injection in wet age-related macular degeneration

This is a sub-group study of double masked review of patients randomised to different dosages and treatment frequency compared between aflibercept and ranibizumab treatment. This is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) in Japanese patients with...

Monofixation syndrome following cataract extraction

This study aimed to test the hypothesis that interruption of macular fusion for an extended period of time is the key event that results in the development of monofixation syndrome in children and adults. This was a retrospective review of...

Biopsy of nasolacrimal duct using sheath guided dacryoendoscopy

In this study the author’s biopsied six eyes of five individuals with recurrent nasolacrimal duct obstruction following a prior dacryoendoscopic probing. All procedures were performed under local anaesthetic, the obstruction or lesion was directly visualised with dacryoendoscope and biopsy was...

Upper eyelid ulceration as a presenting sign of frontal sinus mucocele

Introduction A sinus mucocele is an epithelium-lined sac filled with mucus and desquamated epithelium. It forms secondary to inflammatory processes that occur in a sinus with an obstructed ostium. Predisposing conditions include previous trauma, surgery, tumours, anatomical abnormalities, and chronic...

White dot syndromes

It is fair to say that trainees and consultants who are not medical retina specialists are a bit scared of the so called retinal ‘white dot syndromes’. It is easy to understand why this is the case, as almost every...

Jun/Jul 2017 Quiz

History A 57-year-old female patient presented with gradual painless diplopia over the last six months. Examination revealed restricted upward eye movements and 4mm proptosis which did not increase with Valsalva manoeuvre. Intraocular pressure was normal, no visual defects were noted,...

Radiologic characteristics of cavernous venous malformations

This study is a retrospective review of cases with a preoperative radiologic diagnosis of cavernous venous malformations (CVMs) over 30 years. The aim of this study was to define imaging characteristics of CVMs, which will help differentiate these lesions from...

Strange Sequelae Succeeding ‘Surfer’s Eye’

Ophthalmologists in the UK are relatively infrequently faced with a patient requesting surgery for a pterygium. This condition is more common where ultraviolet exposure is greater, especially if coupled with activities associated with ocular surface irritation. For this reason, a...