You searched for "hypertropia"

359 results found

Single muscle surgery for hypertropia

The authors undertook partial tenotomies combined with graded marginal recession of single vertical rectus muscles to treat small angle hypertropia in four adults with fusion potential. They report dose response, surgical technique and outcomes. Dose response closely matched the theoretical...

Surgical technique for small-angle hypertropia

In order to treat small-angle hypertropia of <5PF associated with mild / moderate upshoot in adduction, an option is to suture the inferior oblique (IO) belly to the sclera following its natural muscle direction or with anterior transposition. This study...

Management of large hypertropia due to lost inferior rectus

This case report outlines the management strategy for a 37-year-old male who suffered a penetrating left orbital injury with rupture of the inferior rectus muscle, optic nerve avulsion and vertical deviation of about 90PD. On orbit exploration, the inferior rectus...

IO belly transposition surgery

The authors evaluated inferior oblique (IO) muscle belly transposition to correct mild to moderate IO overaction with small primary position hypertropia. They reviewed 10 patients aged 6-35 years (mean 18.6 years). Aetiologies were mild unilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy for...

Mental health issues linked with strabismus

The purpose of this study was to determine if adults with non-paralytic forms of strabismus are at elevated risk for developing mental illness. This was a population-based case-controlled study of 297 adults with new onset non-paralytic strabismus; 42.4% were male....

Outcomes of strabismus surgery for TED

This study investigated the surgical outcome according to the initial postoperative angle of deviation after strabismus surgery in patients with hypotropia and esotropia who had thyroid eye disease (TED). The study included 78 patients with mean age of 53.4 ±9.5...

Surgical options for the treatment of hyperopia

The modern refractive surgeon has a variety of options available to treat patients with hyperopia who wish to be independent of spectacles and contact lenses. Unlike in low myopia where presbyopic patients may have the ability to see well for...

Diagnosis and management of IV cranial nerve palsy

Aetiology: Trochlear nerve palsy can be divided into acute or congenital. Congenital trochlear nerve palsy is usually noted in childhood with development of abnormal head posture. Various pathologies can lead to acute IV nerve palsy, most commonly trauma. Other causes...

Masked bilateral SO palsy

This study examined the occurrence of masked bilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy with contralateral inferior oblique (IO) over action requiring further surgical intervention in children undergoing unilateral IO weakening surgery for presumed unilateral SO palsy. This retrospective study included 50...

Surgery for unilateral superior oblique palsy

This study evaluates the amount of effectiveness of inferior oblique myectomy in primary position, lateral gaze and head tilt, and the effect on improving extent of abnormal head posture. The study included 39 patients; 22 male, 25 left-sided palsy and...

Iranian strabismus prevalence

This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of heterotropia and heterophoria in Iran. This was a cross-section study undertaken in 2013 with the target population of grade 1 (seven-year-old) children. Seven cities across different geographical locations were included with multistage...

Changes in refractive error in patients with accommodative esotropia after being weaned from hyperopic correction

This is a retrospective review of medical records of 47 patients with refractive ocular accommodative esotropia who achieved emmetropisation and orthotropia without hyperopic glasses correction and were followed up for at least three years. The objective of the study is...