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1015 results found

Evaluating ocular motor functions

Traditionally orthoptists are specialised in assessing ocular motor disorders. This article introduces the ocular motor score as a new clinical tool for screening and follow-up for children and young adults. The protocol consists of 15 tests such as stereoacuity, strabismus,...

Positives and negatives of managing diplopia in adults with prisms

This study recruited consecutive patients prescribed prisms during a two-year period, within set criteria of a deviation up to 30 prism diopters, good fusion, willingness to wear prisms and no previous unsuccessful use of prisms. The majority of cases had...

Computer-assisted surgery in the orbit

In this paper the authors describe the growing use of computer-assisted surgery in ophthalmology. It is already described as a powerful adjunct in neurosurgery and sinus surgery and here they describe their experience of using it for the orbit; specifically...

Using a fenestration technique for partially accommodative esotropia

The authors evaluate a fenestration technique which is described as a modified sutureless hang-back recession, for cases of partially accommodative esotropia, in a prospective non-controlled cohort. Children under 10-years-old with full accommodative correction and a partially accommodative esotropia between 10...

Anisometropia following cataract surgery and its non-surgical treatment

The desired result of cataract surgery is improved visual acuity without the use of spectacles. In practice most patients following initial cataract extraction are likely to be symptomatic of anisometropia giving rise to prismatic effects (anisophoria) and unequal retinal image...

Key research and practical information to inform INS care

This ‘tutorial’ format paper aims to translate key research findings and conclusions into practical terms, discuss their clinical utility and introduce a new clinical method that accurately measures the static visual deficits in infantile nystagmus (INS), predicts the improvements that...

Improving distance stereopsis in intermittent exotropia with training

This study compared the control ability of patients with stereopsis and analysed the influencing factors of the improvement of distance stereopsis in children with intermittent exotropia. Seventy-eight children were recruited: 33 male, 45 female with mean age of 8.4 ±2.72...

Unravelling ocular motility

Ocular motility can often be a slightly abstract concept during the earlier years of ophthalmology training. A large variance on what embodies normality; mythical concepts like fusion and binocular vision, examination techniques that can be fiddly, and complex neuroanatomy all...

Pseudophakic Monovision: A Clinical Guide

The contents of this small volume should provide useful tips for all ophthalmic practitioners involved with managing patients undergoing cataract surgery. For those ophthalmic clinicians and supporting staff not familiar with the potential options for achieving a spectacle independent refractive...

Making sense of the orthoptic assessment

Following the Specialty Trainee article on this topic in the February/March 2020 issue, Joe Smith provides a more detailed breakdown of the orthoptic report. Orthoptists investigate, diagnose and manage a wide variety of patients with varying problems. In this article,...

Effect of intravenous mannitol in post vitrectomised eyes

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous mannitol 20% on intraocular pressure in vitrectomised silicone-oil filled eyes. A prospective analysis of consecutive patients was undertaken with their fellow eyes taken as controls. Thirty-one patients were...

Conservative management of concomitant strabismus

The aim of management for all patients with strabismus should centre around four goals: to prevent amblyopia, to alleviate symptoms, to restore binocular single vision (BSV) and to improve ocular alignment. The conservative management options available for strabismus include observation,...