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1315 results found

Using a fenestration technique for partially accommodative esotropia

The authors evaluate a fenestration technique which is described as a modified sutureless hang-back recession, for cases of partially accommodative esotropia, in a prospective non-controlled cohort. Children under 10-years-old with full accommodative correction and a partially accommodative esotropia between 10...

Long-term improvement of stereopsis in intermittent refractive esotropia

This was a retrospective study to review the records of patients with refractive accommodative esotropia (RAET) to determine long-term stereoacuity (SA) improvement in those that showed initial poor or no stereopsis. The study included 79 patients; 54% male and mean...

Bilateral versus unilateral recession outcomes for intermittent exotropia

The aim of this study was to compare surgical motor and sensory outcomes of unilateral versus bilateral lateral rectus recessions in children with small angle intermittent exotropia. This was a retrospective study of 55 patients; 28 bilateral and 27 unilateral...

N-T asymmetry in tracking eye movements

The current study aimed to quantify and compare the visual tracking responses of two sensory induced strabismic juvenile monkeys during monocular smooth pursuit, ocular following response and optokinetic nystagmus (OKN). Monkey 1 had esotropia and monkey 2 had exotropia. Both...

Outcomes of paediatric cataract

The authors aimed to compare the visual outcomes of primary and secondary IOL implantation and to identify the risk factors for the development of strabismus in patients with paediatric cataract. The study included 220 eyes of 148 patients: 76 unilateral...

Use of RAPDx device with optic nerve disease

The authors have previously reported on use of the RAPDx device for evaluating relative afferent pupillary defects (RAPD). RAPDx objectively determines the magnitude of RAPD by presenting light stimuli alternately to pairs of eyes with laterality. The parameters of amplitude...

Effective contrast ratio as a measure of binocular visual perception

The authors used a binocular phase combination paradigm to quantitatively evaluate and compare the binocular visual perception of normal individuals and patients with different types of strabismus to understand the binocular visual perception of patients with strabismus and evaluate whether...

Differential inhibition of EAU by CTLA4 and IL-6

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4) binds both CD80 and Cd86 and inhibits T lymphocyte activation via CD28. Il-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine that has been associated with many autoimmune conditions including uveitis. Blockade of these molecules by either CTLA4-Ig, a...

Evaluating ocular motor functions

Traditionally orthoptists are specialised in assessing ocular motor disorders. This article introduces the ocular motor score as a new clinical tool for screening and follow-up for children and young adults. The protocol consists of 15 tests such as stereoacuity, strabismus,...

Anisometropia following cataract surgery and its non-surgical treatment

The desired result of cataract surgery is improved visual acuity without the use of spectacles. In practice most patients following initial cataract extraction are likely to be symptomatic of anisometropia giving rise to prismatic effects (anisophoria) and unequal retinal image...

Key research and practical information to inform INS care

This ‘tutorial’ format paper aims to translate key research findings and conclusions into practical terms, discuss their clinical utility and introduce a new clinical method that accurately measures the static visual deficits in infantile nystagmus (INS), predicts the improvements that...

Improving distance stereopsis in intermittent exotropia with training

This study compared the control ability of patients with stereopsis and analysed the influencing factors of the improvement of distance stereopsis in children with intermittent exotropia. Seventy-eight children were recruited: 33 male, 45 female with mean age of 8.4 ±2.72...