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The incidence of retinal vein occlusion in patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma

In this retrospective study the authors aimed to evaluate PXF as an independent risk factor for the occurrence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Three hundred PXF glaucoma patients (PXF group), 300 non-PXF glaucoma patients, and 599 non glaucoma non-PXF (nGnP...

Are retinal vein occlusions seasonal? And if so why might that be?

Some studies have reported a strong seasonal pattern to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) occurrence with a peak in January, but other studies have failed to replicate this finding. The authors sought to determine data for Stockholm’s seasonal variation in...

Care journeys of patients with central retinal artery occlusion

The authors present a retrospective case note review of all adult patients referred for or diagnosed with central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) to a single tertiary hospital over a 10½ year period. A total of 181 patients were included in...

The effects of anti-VEGF therapy for NvAMD on retinal vasculature

This retrospective consecutive case series examined 54 eyes of 54 treatment-naïve neovascular age-related macular degeneration (N-AMD) patients. Thirty-three eyes received intravitreal aflibercept injections, and 21 eyes received intravitreal ranibizumab injections with unaffected fellow eyes (54 eyes) as controls. All image...

Broadening of treatment options for potentially blinding retinal conditions

Rod McNeil provides an update on a promising bispecific antibody recently approved for treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and diabetic macular oedema (DMO) and considers emerging developments in biosimilars to established anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapies, including...

Intravitreal aflibercept for retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP)

In this prospective study the authors present the visual and anatomical outcome of patients with RAP lesions who were treated with intravitreal aflibercept. The study cohort of 46 patients reached study completion at week 96. They were all Caucasians, with...

An update on inherited retinal disorders (part 1) – overview and assessment of inherited retinal disease

Part 2 of this topic can be found here Inherited Retinal Disease (IRD) is the leading cause of blindness certification in the working age population (age 16-64 years) in England and Wales and the second most common in childhood [1]....

An update on inherited retinal disorders (part 2): Approaches to therapy for IRDs

Part 1 of this topic can be found here There are currently no proven cures for inherited retinal disease (IRD). However, multiple avenues of research are being investigated to better understand disease mechanisms and trial potential therapies that may slow...

Transient thickening of the macular retinal nerve fibre layer in acute optic neuritis

Acute optic neuritis (ON) causes axonal degeneration, which can be quantified from the blood by neurofilament protein (Nf) levels. Within about three months, atrophy of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) follows. However, it remains challenging to explain why there...

Changes in parafoveal retinal thickness after bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetics

Bariatric surgery induces an instant normalisation of blood glucose in as many as 80% of patients with type 2 diabetes. It has been previously reported that diabetic retinopathy (DR) is stable within one year after bariatric surgery. In this study,...

Correlation between anti-retinal antibodies and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR)

The pathological basis of PVR is not clearly understood and there are no effective medications targeting this condition. This cross-sectional study looked at the possible association of anti-retinal antibodies with patients with PVR and retinal detachment (RD). Aqueous and vitreous...

Retinal vascular occlusion from gentamicin injection post-vitrectomy

The authors present two case reports for the rare, but serious, complication of retinal vascular occlusion as a presumed result of subconjunctival injection following 25-gauge vitrectomy. Risk factors for the complication include: cardiovascular disease, retrobulbar anaesthesia, high intraocular pressure (IOP)...