You searched for "sclerosis"

166 results found

Mechanism of colour vision involvement in multiple sclerosis

There is evidence to show that the optic nerve and retina are affected in multiple sclerosis (MS) even without any clinical evidence or history of optic neuritis (ON). MS without optic neuritis causes colour-vision deficit, however, the evidence for selective...

Association between colour vision impairment and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that colour vision impairment is associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Abnormalities of the inner and intermediate retinal structures in patients with ALS have been described using optical coherence tomography...

Correlation between structural and functional status of optic nerve and retina in multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) involves autoimmune inflammatory demyelination and axonal degeneration in the central nervous system. Investigation of the retina and optic nerve head (ONH) is an ideal way to visualise this demyelination. This study investigates the functional and structural properties...

New prognostic model for multiple sclerosis after optic neuritis presentation

The authors present a post-hoc analysis using the publicly available data set from the Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial. The Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess for associations between clinical and radiological variables and the development of clinical...

Case series of posterior scleritis

This report aimed to facilitate the correct diagnosis of posterior scleritis, a condition which is usually overlooked or misdiagnosed. Electronic health records of 31 patients with posterior scleritis were analysed and compared to a group with isolated anterior scleritis of...

Development of testing protocols for high and low contrast visual acuity

Dysfunction of the afferent visual system, characterised by impairments in high-contrast visual acuity (HCVA) and low-contrast visual acuity (LCVA) have been demonstrated in some neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease. HCVA and LCVA are also potential quantitative...

Dacryocystosclerotherapy as an alternative to dacryocystectomy

In this article, the authors evaluate the role of sclerosing agents in dacryocystosclerotherapy (DCST) and aim to see whether it is an alternative to dacryocystectomy (DCT) in a specific group of patients. Thirteen lacrimal drainage systems of 10 patients with...

Differential diagnosis of inflammatory optic neuritis

The authors present the differential diagnosis of inflammatory optic neuritis (ON) to include multiple sclerosis, infectious optic neuritis, systemic disease and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). The features of ON for the varying aetiologies are detailed including incidence and overlap. In acute...

Froben for anterior scleritis

Flurbiprofen (Froben) is one of the nonselective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors blocking both COX-1 and COX-2 pathways. Agrawal et al. undertook a retrospective cohort study to determine the effectiveness of oral Froben in managing noninfectious, non-necrotising anterior scleritis. One hundred and...

Anterior segment OCT imaging in cases of episcleritis and scleritis

The purpose of this study was to determine whether it is feasible to obtain good-quality images with anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT) in patients with episcleral or scleral inflammation located anterior to the equator, and whether this technique is able to...

Can retinal layer thickness predict the progression of disability in MS?

This is an observational retrospective cohort study presenting the data of 188 patient diagnoses with multiple sclerosis at two specialist centres. All included patients were adults below the age of 70 years, stable on their disease modifying treatment for at...

Coeliac disease and anterior scleritis

The authors present an interesting case report of recurrent anterior scleritis. Circulating IgA and IgG auto-antibodies directed against tissue transglutaminase, endomisium and gliadin are frequently elevated in patients with coeliac disease. The classic symptoms remain chronic diarrhoea, malabsorption syndromes and...