You searched for "fusion"

1315 results found

Fixation disparity measurement

The authors evaluate different procedures looking at point zero, fixation disparity (FD) and motor fusion amplitude in order to calibrate the measurement of FD with Ogle’s apparatus with the overall goal to create a standardised measurement of the FD curve...

Simultaneous vs. alternate PCT disparity in XT

The authors quantified the relationship between simultaneous prism and cover test (SPCT) and alternate prism and cover test (APCT) alignment in patients with measures at the same visit after surgery for exotropia. This was a retrospective study of 955 patients...

From stereoblind to stereopsis

This study sought to examine the postoperative stereopsis in stereoblind patients with normal or corrected visual acuity. Twenty patients (10 female / male) with an average age of 25.35±6.34 years were studied with primary horizontal comitant strabismus (14 exotropia, six...

Potential mechanism of over / under actions of inferior oblique muscles

In this paper, the authors hypothesise that fusional vergence adaptation, in patients who can fuse in at least some gaze positions, can cause curvature of the non-fixing eye movement paths of patients with apparent overaction or under action of the...

Single muscle surgery for hypertropia

The authors undertook partial tenotomies combined with graded marginal recession of single vertical rectus muscles to treat small angle hypertropia in four adults with fusion potential. They report dose response, surgical technique and outcomes. Dose response closely matched the theoretical...

BV after long-standing exotropia

Pre and postoperative binocular vision (BV) was compared in long-standing large angle exo deviations. The purpose was to determine the BV potential in these cases and particularly for those at risk of postoperative paradoxical diplopia. In this retrospective study patients...

Age versus heterophoria and fusional vergence measures

This study aimed to establish the relationship between age, horizontal heterophoria, horizontal vergences, positive / negative fusional vergence and vergence facilities. The study recruited 112 subjects aged 39.8 ±14.97 years (range 18-65) of which 54.5% were female. There were 49...

Monofixation syndrome following cataract extraction

This study aimed to test the hypothesis that interruption of macular fusion for an extended period of time is the key event that results in the development of monofixation syndrome in children and adults. This was a retrospective review of...

Ametropic amblyopia and stereopsis

This study aimed to evaluate the correlations between ametropic amblyopia (hypermetropic – 110, myopic – 30, and astigmatic – 65) and stereopsis in 205 children – mean age of 5.2 years ±1.8. For near stereopsis, significant results were found for...

Vision screening opinion

The aim of this paper is to describe experts’ perceptions of best practice guidelines and competency frameworks for visual screening in children. A focus group of approximately 75 minutes duration consisted of five orthoptists and two paediatric ophthalmologists with more...

Positives and negatives of managing diplopia in adults with prisms

This study recruited consecutive patients prescribed prisms during a two-year period, within set criteria of a deviation up to 30 prism diopters, good fusion, willingness to wear prisms and no previous unsuccessful use of prisms. The majority of cases had...

Computer-assisted surgery in the orbit

In this paper the authors describe the growing use of computer-assisted surgery in ophthalmology. It is already described as a powerful adjunct in neurosurgery and sinus surgery and here they describe their experience of using it for the orbit; specifically...