You searched for "fusion"

1015 results found

From stereoblind to stereopsis

This study sought to examine the postoperative stereopsis in stereoblind patients with normal or corrected visual acuity. Twenty patients (10 female / male) with an average age of 25.35±6.34 years were studied with primary horizontal comitant strabismus (14 exotropia, six...

Potential mechanism of over / under actions of inferior oblique muscles

In this paper, the authors hypothesise that fusional vergence adaptation, in patients who can fuse in at least some gaze positions, can cause curvature of the non-fixing eye movement paths of patients with apparent overaction or under action of the...

Single muscle surgery for hypertropia

The authors undertook partial tenotomies combined with graded marginal recession of single vertical rectus muscles to treat small angle hypertropia in four adults with fusion potential. They report dose response, surgical technique and outcomes. Dose response closely matched the theoretical...

BV after long-standing exotropia

Pre and postoperative binocular vision (BV) was compared in long-standing large angle exo deviations. The purpose was to determine the BV potential in these cases and particularly for those at risk of postoperative paradoxical diplopia. In this retrospective study patients...

Age versus heterophoria and fusional vergence measures

This study aimed to establish the relationship between age, horizontal heterophoria, horizontal vergences, positive / negative fusional vergence and vergence facilities. The study recruited 112 subjects aged 39.8 ±14.97 years (range 18-65) of which 54.5% were female. There were 49...

Monofixation syndrome following cataract extraction

This study aimed to test the hypothesis that interruption of macular fusion for an extended period of time is the key event that results in the development of monofixation syndrome in children and adults. This was a retrospective review of...

Outcomes of paediatric cataract

The authors aimed to compare the visual outcomes of primary and secondary IOL implantation and to identify the risk factors for the development of strabismus in patients with paediatric cataract. The study included 220 eyes of 148 patients: 76 unilateral...

Use of RAPDx device with optic nerve disease

The authors have previously reported on use of the RAPDx device for evaluating relative afferent pupillary defects (RAPD). RAPDx objectively determines the magnitude of RAPD by presenting light stimuli alternately to pairs of eyes with laterality. The parameters of amplitude...

Differential inhibition of EAU by CTLA4 and IL-6

Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4) binds both CD80 and Cd86 and inhibits T lymphocyte activation via CD28. Il-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine that has been associated with many autoimmune conditions including uveitis. Blockade of these molecules by either CTLA4-Ig, a...

N-T asymmetry in tracking eye movements

The current study aimed to quantify and compare the visual tracking responses of two sensory induced strabismic juvenile monkeys during monocular smooth pursuit, ocular following response and optokinetic nystagmus (OKN). Monkey 1 had esotropia and monkey 2 had exotropia. Both...

Ametropic amblyopia and stereopsis

This study aimed to evaluate the correlations between ametropic amblyopia (hypermetropic – 110, myopic – 30, and astigmatic – 65) and stereopsis in 205 children – mean age of 5.2 years ±1.8. For near stereopsis, significant results were found for...

Vision screening opinion

The aim of this paper is to describe experts’ perceptions of best practice guidelines and competency frameworks for visual screening in children. A focus group of approximately 75 minutes duration consisted of five orthoptists and two paediatric ophthalmologists with more...