You searched for "diabetes"

280 results found

Intensive diabetes therapy and ocular surgery in type 1 diabetes

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) ran between 1983 and 1993 and showed that intensive glycaemic control was beneficial in reducing diabetic retinopathy in type 1 patients. There was a 76% reduction in onset of retinopathy and a 52%...

New mouse model of diabetes mellitus

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious complication of diabetes. It is driven by the loss of pericytes, cells which control vascular function, due to excess formation of sugar alcohols by the enzyme aldose reductase (AR). AR has been shown to...

Systemic and Ophthalmic Management of Diabetes Mellitus

Chris Steele, the Head of Optometry in Sunderland Eye Infirmary, has a wealth of experience and knowledge in retinal pathology and has recently published what is now his second book on diabetes. This has been a major undertaking, taking three...

Retinal ganglion cell loss in diabetes and diabetic retinopathy

The aim of this observational case control study was to evaluate the association of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR) with retinal ganglion cell loss. Cases were Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes with and without DR, aged 40-80 years. Eligible...

Nicotine accelerates diabetes induced retinal changes

This study investigated the influence of nicotine in an experimentally induced diabetic rat model. They used non-invasive high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging to provide quantitative information on the temporal alterations of retinal structures at the micrometer resolution...

Association between serum triglycerides and pan retinal photocoagulation in type 1 diabetes

This retrospective cohort study aimed to examine whether dyslipidaemia is a risk factor for progressing to proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and consequently requiring pan retinal photocoagulation (PRP) treatment in type 1 diabetics. In previous studies including the ETDRS study an...

Addressing medical risk factors for diabetes and understanding the new systemic treatments

As global diabetes figures continue to rise, the importance of reducing the burden of macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes has never been so great. By 2025 it is estimated that five million people in the UK will have diabetes...

Cataract incidence rates in patients from the UK suffering with diabetes mellitus

The authors summarise the main findings from a recent study which investigated the incidence rates of cataract in patients with or without diabetes mellitus (DM). Background to the study Worldwide, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 253 million people...

Commonwealth nations join forces to prevent blindness from diabetes

More than 70 representatives from 10 Commonwealth countries (in the African, Caribbean and Pacific regions) and Indonesia gathered at a five-day workshop in November 2014 to establish district or national plans to reduce blindness from diabetic retinopathy (DR). The event...

Sustainable prevention of blindness from diabetic retinopathy through prevention and control of diabetes mellitus – LINK partnership experience in Dominica

The Caribbean Diabetic Retinopathy Project (DR Caribbean) is a five-year project that aims to reduce blindness due to diabetic retinopathy (DR) across four Commonwealth countries: Belize, Dominica, Jamaica and St Lucia. The VISION 2020 LINKS Programme at the London School...

Diabetes and diabetic retinopathy: Changes in understanding of the disease over the last 25 years and how the UK is helping low-income countries tackle the challenges

Diabetes – a historical perspective Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease caused by inherited and / or acquired deficiency in production of insulin by the pancreas, or by the ineffectiveness of the insulin produced. Such a deficiency results in...