You searched for "Idiopathic intracranial hypertension"

13 results found

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

IIH is a medical condition where the intracranial pressure (ICP) is raised without an obvious cause. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced in by the choroid plexus in the lateral ventricles and the roof of the third and fourth ventricles,...

An update on idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The incidence of Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is increasing, likely in line with the worldwide epidemic of obesity. To date, there have been revisions in the terminology used and diagnostic criteria for IIH; these recognise the need to exclude secondary...

The expanding spectrum of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

This is a review article from a tertiary centre in Atlanta, US. With rising obesity rates and increasing access for MRI scans there has been a large increase in patients requiring an urgent papilloedema check with incidental findings on MRI...

Effects of idiopathic intracranial hypertension on the optic nerves

The authors review the latest evidence regarding how the optic nerves are affected by idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), possible pathophysiology and methods of assessment. IIH is described as a clinical syndrome of raised intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. A systematic...

Use of group consultations in the management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) has risen by >100% between 2002 and 2016 in the UK, in association with rising obesity rates. This increasing incidence has inevitably led to increased pressures on service capacity. Evidence for other conditions...

Narrative review of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in children / adolescents

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) affects both children and adults. Whilst the majority of IIH is mainly seen amongst adults, it also affects children. There are currently no clinical trials in IIH for those who are adolescents or children. The aims...

Resolution of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH): case series

The authors report the findings from 14 patients following treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). All 14 patients experienced an immediate and sustained resolution of the IIH in the setting of prolonged cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage at a rate greater...

Retrospective review of visual outcomes in Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a clinical syndrome characterised by headache and papilloedema that can lead to significant visual morbidity. IIH is diagnosed by the modified Dandy criteria, which include normal neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) composition, high CSF opening...

Assessing possibility of deferring lumbar puncture in mild idiopathic intracranial hypertension

This was a retrospective review of patients consecutively presenting with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) to a tertiary neuro-ophthalmology clinic without a lumbar puncture (LP) over an eight-year period. Inclusion criteria included true optic disc oedema, retinal nerve layer thickness ≤300µm,...

Case presentation: seizures as a presenting sign of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome of isolated elevated intracranial pressure of unknown cause. Neurological examination in IIH is typically normal except for papilloedema and possible cranial nerve six palsy, although rare, atypical symptoms and signs can occur. With...

A case study of posterior globe flattening in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The authors present a single case of posterior globe flattening without papilloedema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The case was a 64-year-old woman with a one-year history of transient visual loss in her left eye only. Visual acuity was 20/20 in...

Natural history of idiopathic intracranial hypertension depending on incidental or symptomatic presentation

The authors present a large retrospective review cohort of consecutive patients diagnosed or presumed idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) over a three-year period at a single tertiary centre. Patients on medication with a known aetiology for IIH were excluded. The cohort...
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