JOURNAL REVIEWED: Orbit

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Intermittent manual compression for CCF

Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) can be classified as high and low-flow or as having direct and indirect communication. Most commonly, management of high-flow CCF is with endovascular embolisation. The authors look at an alternative treatment for CCF in indirect low-flow...


Autologous scleral button for anterior defect in evisceration surgery

This is a small case series of five patients who have had evisceration surgery using a new technique. The anterior defect created when removing the corneal button has been closed by taking an autologous posterior scleral graft inferomedial to the...


Tocilizumab in Graves’ orbitopathy

This prospective European study looks at the response to tocilizumab in corticosteroid-resistant disease. Tocilizumab (TCZ) is a monoclonal antibody that competitively inhibits IL-6 binding to its receptor. Unlike teprotumumab, the advantage of TCZ is that it is already used within...