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The way we interact in society is changing as more of us are becoming ‘digital natives’: individuals who are in close contact to the internet and expect to integrate smart devices with our daily lives.

This was stereotypically a term reserved for younger cohorts who belong to generation Y (1981-1996) and generation Z (1997‑2012), however, an increasing number of healthcare professionals are using smart devices like portable computers to improve patient care and individual workflow. The case is no different for ophthalmology, which is a technophilic speciality with constant improvements in lens, surgical and imaging technology.

In this article, we explore the top five applications (apps) that are available for portable devices, both smartphones and tablets, that can enrich your workflow. We have avoided specialist apps on purpose and focussed mainly on apps for a broader audience, whether you are running a clinic or undertaking a practical procedure. Please note, the following list of apps is by no means extensive, but primarily aimed at highlighting user-friendly and multidisciplinary apps that are applicable to multiple settings; these contenders serve the standard for thorough app design. For more comprehensive and evidence-based reviews, there is plenty of work to explore [1-3].



Notability [4]

Documentation is the bread and butter of most healthcare encounters. So why not make it a pleasurable experience? As we slowly start to transition to a digital NHS, Notability will prove a strong contender for note-taking, creating multimedia content and examination drawings that can be easily exported and integrated with patient summary care records. Furthermore, it can be used to keep a record of your educational content or clinical encounters. Perhaps a helpful side-effect of this useful app might be that for once we may decipher our doctor’s handwriting.
Goal: To improve the experience of note-taking, documentation and filing
Genre: Documentation & Productivity
Rating: 4.5 (Apple Store)
Target audience: Everyone
Compatibility: Smartphones (iOS) and smart tablets (iOS)
Size & Cost: 166MB (£8.99)
Creator: Ginger Labs (Software Developers, San Francisco, USA)



MicroGuide [5]

A popular app that is used across numerous NHS trusts in the UK as a practice management guide for all medical and surgical specialities. This is a particularly useful guidelines app for ophthalmologists when it comes to antibiotic choice and step-by-step management of emergency cases in ophthalmology. So far, the main handbook for ophthalmologists has been written by Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, which contains a wealth of information.
Goal: To educate and offer guidance on antibiotic therapy and emergencies applicable to ophthalmology
Genre: Educational & Guidance
Rating: 4.8 (Apple Store), 4.2 (Android Store)
Target audience: Ophthalmologists and allied healthcare professionals
Compatibility: Smartphones (Android & iOS) and smart tablets (Android & iOS)
Size & Cost: 143.1MB (Free)
Creator: Induction Healthcare Group PLC (Healthcare Technology, London, UK)



Eye Handbook [6]

This is the number one, swiss-army knife of ophthalmology apps. EHB encompasses calculators, examination tools, eye wiki access, medications and dictionary. If you can name it, Eye Handbook probably has it. Unfortunately, EHB is geared towards US‑based practice, so not all concepts will be easily transferable for the UK, however, it is an excellent source for various ophthalmic tests (e.g. Snellen chart, Ishihara test).
Goal: To provide an all-encompassing app to assist ophthalmologists
Genre: Examination, Education & Guidance
Rating: 4.6 (Apple Store), 4.3 (Android Store)
Target audience: Ophthalmologists and allied healthcare professionals
Compatibility: Smartphones (Android & iOS) and smart tablets (Android & iOS)
Size & Cost: 86.6MB (Free, but paid advertisements exist in app)
Creator: Dr Ken Lord (Vitreoretinal Surgeon), Cloud Nine Development LLC (App Developers, Kansas, USA)



Easilog medical logbook [7]

Scrap the excel sheet, logging clinical encounters and surgical procedures has never been easier with this logbook app. This logbook is unique in offering an extremely versatile, aesthetic and simple user interface for recording specialist clinics, surgical procedures and extracurricular achievements. In an era of continuous appraisal and cumbersome logbooks, this app helps to streamline the process, however, it does come at a cost and information needs to be stored in an anonymous manner.
Goal: To streamline the logbook process for medical doctors and surgeons
Genre: EducationalRating: 4.9 (Apple Store), 3.3 (Android Store)
Target audience: Trainees in ophthalmology and allied healthcare professions
Compatibility: Smartphones (Android & iOS) and smart tablets (Android & iOS)
Size & Cost: 55.4MB (Membership £24.99 per annum)
Creator: Dr Idris Harding (Consultant Cardiologist, Kent, UK)



Things [8]

An award-winning personal task manager that integrates across numerous platforms. Increasingly it is easy to feel swamped with various commitments and activities, especially when you are a healthcare trainee trying to refine your skills. Things acts like a ‘second brain’ to allocate time, deadlines and remember any tasks relating to your personal and professional life. Unfortunately, it is only available on devices operating on Apple iOS!
Goal: To help individuals plan, manage and make progress towards goals
Genre: ProductivityRating: 4.7 (Apple Store)
Target audience: Everyone
Compatibility: Smartphones (iOS) and smart tablets (iOS)
Size & Cost: 100.3MB (Single purchase £9.99)
Creator: Cultured Code (App Developers, Stuttgart, Germany)



1. Chhablani J, Kaja S, Shah VA. Smartphones in ophthalmology. Indian J Ophthalmol 2012;60:127-31.
2. Zvornicanin E, Zvornicanin J, Hadziefendic B. The Use of Smart phones in Ophthalmology. Acta Inform Medica 2014;22:206-9.
3. Yang M, Lo ACY, Lam WC. Smart phone apps every ophthalmologist should know about. Int J Ophthalmol 2020;13:1329-33.
4. Ginger Labs, Notability:
5. Induction Healthcare, MicroGuide:
6. Lord K, Cloud 9 Development, Eye Handbook:
7. Harding I, Easilog medical logbook:
8. Cultured Code, Things:

(All links last accessed June 2021)




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Yarrow Scantling-Birch

Whipps Cross Hospital, Barts NHS Health Trust, UK.

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Rajagopal Govindan

Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust, UK.

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Hasan Naveed

MBBS BSc(Hons), Royal Surrey County Hospital, Surrey, UK.

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