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Risk factors for intraoperative floppy iris syndrome

Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) is charcterised by flaccid iris stroma leading to fluttering and billowing of iris, tendency of iris to prolapse through surgical incisions and causing intraoperative pupil constriction. IFIS is characterised as complete when all three features...

Doctor prints cornea on demand!

Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are based on facts and which are ‘fake news’. Headline: Doctor prints cornea on demand! Dr Hideo Kodama from the Nagoya Municipal Industrial Research Institute first...

In vivo confocal microscopy, principles and use in keratitis Part 1: Principles

In 1968 Maurice introduced the concept of high powered specular microscopy, it was in that very year that the first scanning confocal microscope was proposed. Marvin Minsky developed the first confocal microscope in 1955 named the ‘double focusing scanning microscope’....

Platelet rich fibrin membrane for descemetocele

This case series described the use of a novel technique in the treatment of descemetocele. Three patients developed descemetoceles following infective keratitis with impending risk of corneal perforation. Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) membrane was prepared using 8ml of fresh venous...

Laser corneal refractive procedures – a review

Evolution of refractive surgery stays true to the quote of Theodore Roosevelt: “The more you know about the past, the better prepared you are for the future.” Refractive surgery is an evolving field, which thanks modern technologies for refining ideas...

Non-contact-lens-associated acanthamoeba keratitis

This retrospective study was done to study the clinical presentation and microbiological results of non-contact-lens-related acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). One hundred and ninety-four patients with microbiological / histopathological diagnosis of AK over four years were included. All patients had corneal scrapings...

Corneal stroma modelling under hypoxic conditions

The cornea is exposed to hypoxia under several conditions including sleep, inflammation and wound healing. Being an avascular tissue to maintain transparency, how the cornea homeostatic controls oxygen tension is important. To address this process two models were utilised; a...

Feb/Mar 2018 Quiz

History A 48-year-old farmer with gradual worsening vision in her only eye was referred by her optician. She had recently moved to the UK and required an interpreter during consultation. She seemed to have had vision problems since childhood. Although...

Understanding amniotic membrane grafts

Safa Elhassan gives a brief review of amniotic membrane grafts and their application in theatre and clinic-based settings. Amniotic membrane (AM) transplant has been an established adjuvant treatment for many corneal, conjunctival and scleral disorders in ophthalmic clinical practice with...

Feb/Mar 2019 Quiz

History A 31-year-old female patient presented with history of gradual downward displacement of the globe over the last six months. The superotemporal mass then became palpable (Figure 1). Lateral orbitotomy was performed following CT scans (Figure 2). Figure 1. Figure...

Troubleshooting in LASIK

Contemporary laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is safe and effective. It remains the dominant intervention in routine refractive surgery for a good reason: predictable results, rapid visual recovery, and relatively simple strategies for revision treatment. Over 95% of patients are...

An uncommon late postoperative complication of combined cataract surgery and intravitreal triamcinolone injection

Case report A 64-year-old female with diabetic maculopathy (DMO) underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in her right eye combined with intravitreal triamcinolone (IVTA). Diabetes control was poor with HbA1c (IFCC) of 119mmol/mol and blood sugar level of 27mmol/L....