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Resurfacing the ocular surface

The ocular surface (OS) is an anatomical and functional unit made of the tear film, the conjunctival, limbal and corneal epithelium, the lacrimal, mucous and meibomian glands and the lids and blink reflex. The tear film is composed of a...

Sclerotomy suturing

This was a retrospective review of 589 consecutive cases of patients who underwent 23-gauge tranconjunctival pars plana vitrectomy. Cases were split into Type 1 vitrectomies (macular hole, ERM and simple vitreous haemorrhages) and Type 2 cases which were more complex...

OCT in peripheral corneal thinning

This small retrospective study used high resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) Heidelberg Spectralis to identify features which could determine the underlying aetiology of peripheral corneal thinning. Ten patients were included; five with diagnoses of degenerative peripheral thinning; Terrien’s marginal degeneration...

Things I’d tell my medical school self, had I known my first year on the job would be during a global pandemic

In a conversation with his younger self, a foundation doctor reflects on the contrast between his expectations of medicine at university and the reality of working during the coronavirus pandemic. Every doctor arrives at medical school with nervous anticipation, yet...

Ocular complications in retinal vasculitis

In this retrospective study the authors aimed to characterise the incidence rates of visual loss and ocular complications associated with retinal vasculitis (RV – annual incidence of 1-2/ 100000/ per annum). A secondary objective was to compare the visual outcomes...

IO surgery

The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the efficacy of a new surgical technique in reducing inferior oblique muscle overaction (IOOA) consisting of suturing the muscle to the sclera at the Gobin point with tendon sparing and using a...

Johnson & Johnson announces lead vaccine candidate for COVID-19

Johnson & Johnson has announced the selection of a lead COVID-19 vaccine candidate and the rapid scaling of its manufacturing capacity with the goal of providing global supply of more than one billion doses.

Life in the eye department

The crowd is gathering at the watering hole in the Serengeti that is Friday teaching at the Major Teaching Hospital. Would there be enough different species of consultant present or would there be insufficient numbers? If a critical mass of...

The butterfly effect

One of the most fascinating aspects of being a consultant is seeing the workings of the machine that is medical training from the other side. For two years now I have taken part in the specialty recruitment interviews and it...

Effect of minor trauma in eyes with previously undiagnosed angioid streaks

Angioid streaks (AS) may be associated with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), Paget’s disease, haemoglobulinopathies, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome or abetalipoproteinaemia. Histopathology showed retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choriocapillaris loss, elastic fibre degeneration, calcium deposition, active choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) and vascular endothelial growth...

Extraocular muscle OCT

The goal was to evaluate the use of the Heidelberg anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) to image extraocular rectus muscle insertions and to expand the use of the AS-OCT to also image vertical rectus muscles. The authors evaluated inter...

Brn3b neuroprotective effect in rat glaucoma model

An adeno-associated virus-directed overexpression of the Brn3b protein in hypothesised to confer neuroprotective effects in this paper. This is ultimately tested in a well-accepted rat glaucoma model (Morrison’s model: saline injection into episcleral veins of rat eyes with a force...