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Is there an association between dry eye disease and depression and anxiety?

Dry eye disease is a widespread ocular surface condition (prevalence 5.5-33.7%) that has been previously linked to systemic diseases, such as Sjogren, rheumatoid arthritis and more recently possibly also depression, in small population-based studies. The authors’ aim was to investigate...

Laser corneal refractive procedures – a review

Evolution of refractive surgery stays true to the quote of Theodore Roosevelt: “The more you know about the past, the better prepared you are for the future.” Refractive surgery is an evolving field, which thanks modern technologies for refining ideas...

ECLSO (European Contact Lens and Ocular Surface) Congress 2022

This year ECLSO will be hosting their 49th scientific congress from the from 2-3 September in Paris. The society is affiliated to MCLOSA, the UK-based ocular surface society, and the European dry eye society EUDES, and aims to promote continuous...

Glaucoma Awareness Week: Glaucoma UK to focus on hereditary nature of disease

With so many people looking forward to reuniting with family and friends, Glaucoma Awareness Week will focus on the fact that glaucoma can be hereditary and the importance of loved ones in the lives of patients with the disease.

Adjuvant oral voriconazole or oral ketoconazole for fungal keratitis

This randomised double-blinded trial examined clinical outcomes of 50 patients with severe fungal keratitis treated with either adjuvant oral voriconazole or oral ketoconazole. Inclusion criteria were culture or smear proven fungal ulcers >5mm in maximum diameter, involving >4mm of the...

SIFI provides regulatory updates for AKANTIOR® (POLIHEXANIDE 0.8 MG/ML) in Europe and the United States

SIFI has announced the accomplishment of several targets concerning the regulatory procedure of polihexanide 0.8 mg/ml for the treatment of acanthamoeba keratitis.

Leadership and management in optometry: why is it important?

The General Medical Council recognises that leadership and management is essential for every doctor, and provides guidance detailing management and leadership responsibilities [1]. Indeed, management and leadership is part of the core training for all medical trainees. However, to date,...

Silent keratitis in failed graft

This study examined rates of asymptomatic keratitis in failed full thickness corneal grafts, which were not picked up clinically preoperatively. During a five year period 53 penetrating keratoplasties (PK) were performed for long-standing graft decompensation with stromal opacity and /...

DALK as an early therapeutic option for Acanthamoeba keratitis

Eleven patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) were treated by early therapeutic deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). All surgeries were performed in patients who had no response to standard medical therapy of chlorhexidine gluconate, propamidine isethionate and neomycin sulphate, within 10-15...

γδ T cell depletion does not affect fungal keratitis

Fungal keratitis (FK) is a blinding condition prevalent in agricultural areas of countries such as India and China. The fungus enters the cornea and induces an inflammatory response which leads to tissue damage. Neutrophils are the earliest infiltrating immune cells...

Incidence, microbiological profile and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of IK

This is a retrospective single centre study of all patients (with corneal scraping) including their demographic factors, microbiological profiles, and in vitro antibiotic susceptibility of infectious keratitis (IK), studied between 2007 and 2019. The incidence of IK was 34.7/100,000 people...

Traumatic optic neuropathy

In neuro-ophthalmology we get asked a lot about management of patients who suffered significant trauma and presented with loss of vision secondary to presumed traumatic optic neuropathy (TON). TON happens usually in the context of significant craniofacial trauma. The incidence...