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Electronic treatment reminders

The authors report the results of a small pilot study to measure the use of electronic reminders for children undergoing treatment for amblyopia with patching by assessing changes in visual acuity, reported compliance and ease of use of the reminder...

Uveitis and juvenile arthritis costs

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether cost, prior insurance authorisation concerns and subspecialty practice influence therapeutic decisions in the treatment of uveitis associated with JIA. The authors developed an email questionnaire that included a brief vignette of...

Neurotrophic keratitis

The authors present an overview of the aetiology, diagnosis, current and future management options of neurotrophic keratitis. This is a degenerative corneal disease that occurs following the compromise of trigeminal innervation, leading to hypoesthesia and / or anaesthesia. The aetiology...

Insights in resistant diabetic macular oedema

This article gives a bird’s eye review of the different modalities for the treatment of diabetic macular oedema (DME). The debut of anti-VEGFs has brought a paradigm shift in DME management. This treatment has now become a major breakthrough in...

OCT in peripheral corneal thinning

This small retrospective study used high resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) Heidelberg Spectralis to identify features which could determine the underlying aetiology of peripheral corneal thinning. Ten patients were included; five with diagnoses of degenerative peripheral thinning; Terrien’s marginal degeneration...

American Academy of Ophthalmology – Updated textbooks Basic and Clinical Science Course 2018-2019

The American Academy of Ophthalmology publish a series of books entitled Basic and Clinical Science Course every year. It’s a highly regarded series and has often been quoted to me as a good reference set of books. Indeed, I invested...

PACK-crosslinking for infectious keratitis

Corneal cross-linking with riboflavin and UV-A light (CXL) is a technology that has been initially developed to treat corneal ectatic disorders [1]. Its effect in stabilising diseases such as keratoconus was reported in numerous trials with excellent long-term outcomes and...

Understanding amniotic membrane grafts

Safa Elhassan gives a brief review of amniotic membrane grafts and their application in theatre and clinic-based settings. Amniotic membrane (AM) transplant has been an established adjuvant treatment for many corneal, conjunctival and scleral disorders in ophthalmic clinical practice with...

Acanthaemoeba keratitis

In the second of this series I describe a case of Acanthaemoeba keratitis (AK) that was misdiagnosed for a prolonged period which resulted in a devastating outcome. This is one of half a dozen similar medico-legal cases I have dealt...

The ‘theatre of the mind’: Charles Bonnet Syndrome and Esme’s Umbrella

The founder of Esme’s Umbrella shares her experience with the poorly understood condition Charles Bonnet Syndrome and the creation of the campaign. Many years ago, when I was a young actress, I was in an American play called ‘Butterflies are...

A survey of neuro-ophthalmologists on use of corticosteroids in giant cell arteritis

While corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment in giant cell arteritis (GCA), the type, dose, route and duration of treatment remains controversial. The authors surveyed 180 neuro-ophthalmologists on their use of this treatment via email in a two-month period. Results...

Using graphical illustration to predict giant cell arteritis

A nomogram is a chart or graph of scaled variables that facilitates the approximate computation of a mathematical function via intersecting lines. The objective of this study was to illustrate the use of a nomogram for the prediction of giant...