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Topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy in the treatment of corneal scarring

This study reports the outcome of topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (TG-PRK) in the treatment of patients with corneal scarring. A retrospective case series including six eyes of six patients with corneal scarring and irregular astigmatism who underwent topography guided PRK. The...

Brn3b neuroprotective effect in rat glaucoma model

An adeno-associated virus-directed overexpression of the Brn3b protein in hypothesised to confer neuroprotective effects in this paper. This is ultimately tested in a well-accepted rat glaucoma model (Morrison’s model: saline injection into episcleral veins of rat eyes with a force...

Ranibizumab safety in pregnancy

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role during pregnancy, and systemic anti-VEGF administration during this period should thus be avoided. VEGF is expressed in multiple embryonic and foetal tissues during development, with the highest levels found in the...

Simulation in ophthalmology: a pedagogic viewpoint

The advent of simulation technology has enhanced modern medical training. The first utilisation of simulation was in 1929 where Edward Link used this concept to develop a mechanical flight simulator [1]. Industries such as aviation, nuclear power and the military...

A possible biomarker for diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common form of diabetic eye disease, characterised by exudates, microaneurysms and haemorrhage. Early diagnosis is crucial for preventing visual loss. The risk of developing diabetic retinopathy is known to increase with age as well...

Development of a modern surgical simulation suite to promote safer ophthalmic surgical training

For trainees, having access to surgical simulation equipment is more important than ever. The authors describe the creation of a bespoke teaching and training suite in Glasgow to help trainees develop their skills and promote surgical excellence. Simulation has become...

VRmagic rebrands to Haag-Streit Simulation

VRmagic, manufacturer of VR simulators for medical training, has rebranded its simulator branch to Haag-Streit Simulation.

The PMFA Journal - April/May 2019 issue available

FEATURES IN THIS ISSUE: An update on BIA-ALCL by Shadi Ghali / The importance of teamwork and leadership in the management of patients in burns centres by Emily Claire Taylor, Steven LA Jeffery / Focus: Opinions on regulation by Dalvi Humzah, Paul Charlson, Andrew Rankin / CPD certified: Hand rejuvenation with injectable fillers by Medhat Abdelmalek AND MUCH MORE...

Changes in corneal endothelial layer after strabismus surgery

The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in the corneal endothelial layer by specular microscopy after surgery in patients with horizontal and oblique strabismus. Eighty-three eyes of 56 patients were evaluated prospectively. There were three subgroups: one...

Glaucoma and erectile dysfunction

In this cross-sectional study with patient questionnaire and retrospective chart review, a total of 167 male patients over 40 years of age were enrolled. Exclusion criteria included previous exposure to radiation and surgical treatment for prostate benign hypertrophy or malignancy....

Stromal cell alignment in damaged cornea

Stromal keratocytes are responsible for wound healing in the cornea following damage. Keratocytes at the site of injury become activated and differentiate to myofibroblasts which secrete extracellular matrix (ECM) to close the wound, a response mediated by transforming growth factor...

Results of STENTube for lacrimal intubation

The STENTube is designed with a varied diameter – a thin central segment with a diameter of 0.86mm and distal tube segments with larger 1.3mm diameter. The thin central segment is exposed at the medial canthus. The distal tubes tamponade...