You searched for "reconstructive"

956 results found

OCT imaging of occluded puncta

This is a description of the use of enhanced depth optical coherence tomography (OCT) to see whether a patent ampulla or canaliculus is detectable in patients with absent or occluded puncta. Nine occluded puncta of six patients with epiphora were...

Patient-reported outcomes in oculoplastic surgery

This is an important if somewhat difficult to grasp article which tries to formally address the subject of patient-reported outcomes in oculofacial surgery. The authors have conducted an extensive review of the literature searching for instruments (questionnaires) which have been...

PD-1 and PD-L1 in exenteration specimens

This is an immunohistochemical study looking at variation in the expression of the programmed death-1 receptor (PD-1) and the programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), comparing cutaneous malignancies which invaded the orbit with uncomplicated nodular basal cell carcinomas. The authors retrospectively...

Success rates of primary and revision transcanalicular DCR surgery

Transcanalicular laser DCR is a relatively rare procedure compared to more conventional external or endo-nasal techniques. In this article the authors examine the outcomes of revision surgery following failed transcanalicular diode laser dacryocystorhinostomy (TCDL DCR), comparing a conventional external revision...

Diagnosis and management of orbital vascular malformations

This is an authoritative review of a controversial and difficult clinical area. The authors have experience of over 350 cases and provide a well-structured review of the classification and management of orbital vascular malformations. They emphasise the need to understand...

Reliability of Fluorescein Dye Disappearance Test (FDDT)

The authors look at the role of the FDDT in the evaluation of adults with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) and its correlation with the age and severity of epiphora. They report the results of a prospective cross-sectional comparative...

Radiotherapy for orbital apex cavernous haemangiomas

This is a review of six patients with cavernous venous malformations (haemangiomas) involving the orbital apex who were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. Patients were diagnosed on MRI imaging with only one having had previous surgery to debulk the lesion....

Congenital ptosis and astigmatism

This is a review of the effect of congenital ptosis surgery on refractive error. Seventy-one eyes of 56 patients were reviewed. The unoperated eye in unilateral cases was used as the control group. The mean age at surgery was 5.1...

Orbital cavernous haemangiomas

This is a review of orbital cavernous haemangiomas (orbital cavernous venous malformations) managed over a 12-year period at a tertiary referral centre. Painless proptosis was the commonest presentation. One hundred and sixty-four patients (96 female and 68 male) underwent surgery...

Hidden spread of sebaceous cell carcinoma

This was a review of 29 patients who had undergone orbital exenteration for sebaceous cell carcinoma. Prompted by the increasing use of topical treatments for intraepithelial disease, the authors were keen to discover the frequency of spread of tumour cells...

Transconjunctival eyelid weight insertion

This is a description of a new surgical technique to insert upper lid weights via a posterior, transconjunctival route. Following local anaesthetic, the upper lid was everted over a Desmarres retractor with a silk traction suture. A 5mm high central...

Second primary tumours after sebaceous carcinoma

This is a study investigating the risk of developing a second primary malignancy in patients previously diagnosed with eyelid sebaceous cell carcinoma. The records of 559 patients who were diagnosed with sebaceous cell carcinoma between 2000 and 2016 were reviewed,...