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2243 results found

Prism cover test variances

The purpose was to establish the inter-examiner variability and agreement between more than two examiners assessing children and adult patients. The study involved four experienced examiners. The alternate prism cover test (APCT) was conducted at near and distance in 41...

A closer look at the new wave of glaucoma surgery – radical or old school?

Glaucoma is a challenging condition to treat because the exact pathophysiology remains unclear and the only readily modifiable factor is the intraocular pressure (IOP). Additionally, most glaucoma patients are completely asymptomatic, yet are often subjected to lifelong medical therapy. The...

Consecutive exotropia features

This study sought to detect abnormal scleral attachment with comparison of histopathological findings in consecutive exotropia. The study also considered the success rate of medial rectus resection and advancement, dose response and evaluate potential preoperative factors that might indicate presence...

Effect of oxygen levels on binocular summation of dark vision

Previous studies have reported conflicting results on the existence of binocular enhancement of dark vision. This study compares monocular and binocular absolute thresholds of dark adaptation in two different populations (healthy individuals and those with chronic respiratory insufficiency). The study...

Contemporary glaucoma therapy: spoilt for choice

The goal of glaucoma management is to prevent visual loss and disease progression in the patient’s lifetime through effective lowering of intraocular pressure (IOP), the primary modifiable risk factor in glaucoma. Sustained and consistent IOP reduction is key to halting...

Chloral hydrate sedation

A systematic review of literature sourced from PubMed, EMBASE, ISI, Web of Science, Scopus, CENTRAL, Google Scholar and Trip database to 1 October 2015, about the safety and efficacy of chloral hydrate (CH) by meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...

Esotropia Duane’s syndrome (DRS) surgery

The authors aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of augmented superior rectus transposition surgery with / without medial rectus (MR) recession versus MR recession along in the treatment of esotropic DRS. This was a prospective randomised trial of 20...

Fusional vergence measurement

This paper reports a systematic review to address two objectives: 1, to compare the normative values of tests measuring fusional vergence; 2, to investigate sources of heterogeneity of prism accuracy. The review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines with a...

Code-Free Deep Learning: a step into the future of ophthalmology

A new focus has arisen within the research domain of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare called code-free deep learning (CFDL), and recent research demonstrates that ophthalmology is becoming one of the leading specialties in this field. Artificial intelligence (AI) is...

Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) of the lacrimal sac

The authors present a case series of three patients with known CLL, two of which presented with mass and epiphora and one case with epiphora alone. All three patients had initially being diagnosed and were treated for chronic dacryocystitis. Histopathological...

Visual field progression after glaucoma drainage device implantation

This retrospective interventional case series assessed changes to visual fields after implantation of a glaucoma drainage device (Baerveldt, Ahmed or Molteno Devices) between 2010 and 2015. A total of 106 eyes from 96 patients were included in the final analysis...

Fusion vergence measures

The purpose of this study was to compare fusional vergence measurements between orthophoria, esophoria and exophoria and determine the strength of correlation between fusional vergence and angle of deviation. This was a cross-section study of 530 children aged six to...