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697 results found

Fifteen-year results of phakic artisan IOL for hyperopia correction

This retrospective review of a cohort of 61 eyes from 32 patients offers long-term results for phakic Artisan (Ophtec BV) iris-fixated phakic IOL (IF-pIOL). The mean age at surgery was 41.6 years with a range of 25-59 years. Refractive outcomes...

The interpretation and use of ultrasound biomicroscopy (part 1)

Ultrasound Biomicroscopy (UBM) has become increasingly important for the diagnosis of a variety of anterior segment pathologies. Most ophthalmologists are familiar with conventional B-scan ultrasonography techniques, which operate at lower sound frequencies (7.5 to 20MHz). UBM is an ultrasound technique...

Sustained elevation of extracellular ATP in chronic glaucoma

Although adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) release from retinal neurons and astrocytes has been demonstrated in short-term increases in intraocular pressure (IOP); such as in aqueous humor of humans with primary acute angle closure glaucoma, the response in chronic IOP elevation was...

Intravitreal functional plasminogen in branch retinal vein occlusion

Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) is the second most common vascular disorder of the eye. Intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF agents and corticosteroids have proven efficacy. Posterior vitreous cortex (PVC) adhesion has been shown to support the development of retinal vein...

Surgical management of IIIcnp

This was a retrospective review of a cohort of patients with complete third nerve palsy (IIIcnp) managed by a surgical technique of full tendon transposition (FTT) of the lateral rectus (LR) to the medial rectus (MR) augmented with posterior fixation...

Knobby eye syndrome

This study used high resolution MRI to demonstrate and evaluate globe shape in axial high myopia and identify and characterise those with prominent equatorial staphylomata that deflect extraocular muscle paths and presumably alter motility patterns in strabismus. The study included...

Cataract extraction and microperimetry

In this study, the authors assessed retinal sensitivity before and after cataract extraction, in an effort to understand how lens opacities may affect microperimetry results in glaucoma and macular diseases. Thirty patients awaiting cataract extraction were examined and their lens...

Complications after cataract surgery in high myopes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The authors review all the modern literature on complications after phacoemulsification in high myopes with axial lengths (AL) greater than 25.0mm. Twenty-eight studies reporting on 19,586 eyes were included. The corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) improved from 0.96 ± 0.53...

Surgery for chin-up head posture

This study evaluates the outcomes of bilateral superior oblique posterior tenectomy along with inferior rectus recessions (minimum of 5mm) on the chin-up head position in 13 patients with horizontal nystagmus who had an eccentric null point in downgaze. The study...

Uveitis in the elderly

This study from Turkey evaluated the causes and clinical characteristics of uveitis in elderly patients. Data from 90 eyes of 68 patients aged 60 years and older were reviewed. Anterior uveitis was present in 75% (33% of these had keratouveitis),...

Globes in space: What would happen to our globes on the globe of Mars?

Many films have been made regarding life on alternative planets. With the Mars One mission approaching in 2023, there are high expectations regarding future interplanetary travel. The authors provide an ophthalmology perspective on what could happen to our eyes if...

Uveitic glaucoma

The purpose of this retrospective study from two tertiary Institutions in Israel over a period of 13 years, is to present the long-term outcomes of uveitic glaucoma and to identify risk factors for progression. The study included 34 patients (53...