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697 results found

Treatment of Type 1 ROP with intravitreal bevacizumab or laser photocoagulation according to retinal zone

This is a retrospective review of charts of 54 consecutive very low birth weight (VLBW) infants between June 2011 and January 2015 from Berlin, Germany. Type 1 ROP (posterior ROP, n=33; peripheral zone 2, n= 21) were treated with either...

Is exenteration helpful in invasive fungal sinusitis?

Invasive fungal sinusitis is a potentially lethal disease that causes painful orbital apex syndrome with ophthalmoplegia and visual loss. The mechanism of ophthalmoplegia and visual loss is not clear, and neither is the role of radical surgery-orbital exenteration. The authors...

Augmented surgery for monocular elevation deficiency

The outcomes are described for augmented lateral rectus superior transposition in cases of acquired monocular elevation deficiency (MED) associated with large hypotropia in primary gaze. The lateral rectus was transposed superiorly and reinserted on sclera between the temporal margin of...

Injection of methotrexate into silicone oil-filled eyes for grade C PVR

Methotrexate (MTX) is an antineoplastic antimetabolite with immunosuppressant properties. Folate antagonism is known to contribute to the antiproliferative effects of MTX, and release of adenosine from cells and inhibition of polyamines may explain its anti-inflammatory effects. These activities contribute to...

Treatment and outcomes for Peters anomaly (PA)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the experience of patients with Peters anomaly (PA) and their treatment results. The study reviewed records of 27 patients (32 eyes); 74% male. Treatment included medical follow-up, optical iridectomy and penetrating keratoplasty...

Macular holes: A brief review

The classification of macular holes has been modernised by OCT findings. This is a brief review and encompasses the historical literature on macular holes. A macular hole is an anatomical discontinuation of the neurosensory retina at the centre of the...

Doctor at large

“In 1930, the Republican-controlled House of Representatives, in an effort to alleviate the effects of the… Anyone? Anyone?... the Great Depression, passed the… Anyone? Anyone? The tariff bill? The Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act? Which, anyone…?” In this memorable scene, the monotonous...

Paediatric uveitis in India

This article was a retrospective review of paediatric patients presenting to a tertiary hospital in India. Records over a three year period were reviewed. The authors highlight that children account for about 2.2-13.8% of uveitis patients and are at greater...

RCT of operative routes for congenital cataract surgery

The authors evaluated the performance of 25G vitrectomy systems in the management of congenital cataract in infants through two routes – anterior (transcorneal) and posterior (pars plana). This was a prospective randomised trial (RCT) of 24 eyes of 12 patients...

Pentacam vs. IOL Master keratometry measurement in IOL power calculations

The IOL Master measures only the anterior corneal curvature and estimates the total corneal power by assuming a fixed relationship between the anterior and posterior corneal surface. The Pentacam measures both the anterior and posterior corneal surface and therefore calculates...

“Beware of the pigment”

Using some captivating artwork, Iheukwumere Duru describes key features of pigment dispersion syndrome. Pigmentary dispersion syndrome (PDS) leads to pigmentary glaucoma (PG) in approximately 35-50% of patients with the condition [1]. PG is the leading cause of non-traumatic blindness in...

Temporal versus nasal clear corneal incisions

This is a prospective randomised study of 100 patients’ left eye having undergone phacoemulsification either by a 2.4mm nasal clear corneal incision (CCI) group or temporal CCI group. The corneal astigmatic changes were compared between groups by power vector analysis,...