You searched for "orbital"

1234 results found

Cavernous sinus syndrome

Anatomically the cavernous sinus is a plexus of multiple veins that are connected and within this plexus there are several important vascular and neurological structures. These include cranial nerves III, IV, V1 (and sometimes V2), VI as well as the...

Management of large hypertropia due to lost inferior rectus

This case report outlines the management strategy for a 37-year-old male who suffered a penetrating left orbital injury with rupture of the inferior rectus muscle, optic nerve avulsion and vertical deviation of about 90PD. On orbit exploration, the inferior rectus...

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) and ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN)

The authors present two cases of invasive OSSN in patients with severe AKC. Case 1 was a 73-year-old male with severe AKC and atopic eczema who developed a suspicious papillary-like limbal lesion in the left eye. He had an excisional...

Better outcomes from early repair of Type B blow-out fractures

This paper examines whether early, rather than late, surgical repair results in better motility outcomes for a particular subgroup of orbital floor blowout fractures. The authors divide floor fractures into Types A and B, depending on whether or not the...

IgG4-related disease or Graves orbitopathy

This is retrospective review of patients who had been diagnosed with both IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) and Graves orbitopathy over a four year period. Eight patients were identified. The diagnosis of IgG4-ROD was based on 10 or more IgG4+ plasma...

Oculoplastics: an evolving specialty

Consultant Ophthalmic and Oculoplastic Surgeon Raman Malhotra provides an insight into this increasingly popular subspecialty of ophthalmology. Oculoplastic surgery refers to plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery of the eyelids, the surrounding facial areas, orbits and lacrimal system. Its scope has...

Radiologic characteristics of cavernous venous malformations

This study is a retrospective review of cases with a preoperative radiologic diagnosis of cavernous venous malformations (CVMs) over 30 years. The aim of this study was to define imaging characteristics of CVMs, which will help differentiate these lesions from...

Unilateral Single Wall Decompression of Thyroid Proptosis Following an Incidental Traumatic Injury

Case report A 69-year-old female with a long history of Grave’s ophthalmopathy was under routine follow-up when it was noted during a clinic visit that the amount of proptosis and lid retraction in her right eye had remarkably reduced. A...

Lacrimal gland carcinoma outcomes

This is retrospective review of outcomes of lacrimal gland epithelial tumours treated between 1972 and 2014 at Moorfields Eye Hospital. Seventy-nine patients were reported, comprising 53 adenoid cystic carcinomas, 15 primary adenocarcinomas and 11 carcinomas ex-pleomorphic adenoma. The authors compare...

Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

The second edition Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery by Korn and Kikkawa provides an overview of traditional and contemporary reconstructive and cosmetic eyelid, lacrimal and orbital surgical procedures. The book includes of 1600 intraoperative illustrations, in addition...

AlloDerm for correction of lower lid retraction

This is a retrospective review of 95 eyes of 54 patients undergoing orbital decompression for Graves’ orbitopathy. All patients had a swinging eyelid approach across the whole of the lower lid. Thirty-six eyes also had insertion of a 0.3mm thick...

Mucormycosis: In conversation with Dr Deepak Haldipur and Dr Aditya Moorthy

COVID-19 has ravaged the world in the past 18 months. The second wave in many countries was deadlier than the first. Mucormycosis, infamously labelled ‘the black fungus’ has affected some countries, such as India, in epidemic proportions within this COVID...