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282 results found

Strabismus in thyroid eye disease

Pathogenesis Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an auto-immune condition, in the initial phase there is lymphocytic infiltration and oedema of the extraocular muscles with deposition of glycosaminoglycans and hyaluronic acid and adipogenesis, which can lead to an increase in the...

A retrospective study of the use of Dermis Fat Grafts for orbital volume augmentation

The authors describe the outcomes of 173 primary Dermis Fat Grafts (DFGs) and 66 secondary DFGs. Median follow-up for the primary group was 21.5 months and 14 months for the secondary group. Outcome measures included: prosthesis motility, prosthesis fit, patient...

Complications with porous orbital implant after enucleation in retinoblastoma patients

This is a retrospective, case control study aimed to identify risk factors associated with complications in retinoblastoma patients following primary and secondary enucleations with porous implant placements. Patients with retinoblastoma who underwent enucleation with porous orbital implant placement between January...

Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

The second edition Video Atlas of Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery by Korn and Kikkawa provides an overview of traditional and contemporary reconstructive and cosmetic eyelid, lacrimal and orbital surgical procedures. The book includes of 1600 intraoperative illustrations, in addition...

A review of orbital plasmacytomas

This is a multicentre review of 30 patients with orbital plasmacytomas. There were equal numbers of males and females, and the average age at diagnosis was 57 years. All patients were either already diagnosed with systemic multiple myeloma or it...

Localising the cause of bloody tears

The authors present two cases of ‘idiopathic’ bloody tearing. The paper presents the potential causes of bloody tearing, highlighting the difficulty that can be encountered in diagnosing and managing these patients. The authors use punctal plugs in these cases which...

An unusual presentation of dysthyroid orbitopathy

The authors present a case of a 50-year-old male smoker who presented with bilateral gaze evoked amaurosis (GEA), i.e. the patient was aware of loss of vision in all gaze positions other than the primary position. The patient was being...

Eyebrow reconstruction

This article is a systematic review of surgical techniques for reconstruction of the eyebrow. The authors discuss the anatomy of the eyebrow, structure of its hair follicles and principles underlying the reconstruction. Options for direct closure, types of advancement and...

A simple technique for managing eyelid retraction in a patient with an exposed Boston type 2 keratoprosthesis (Kpro)

The article describes a patient with mucous membrane pemphigoid and a Boston type 2 Kpro. In the early postoperative period (one week) inferior skin retraction was noted with exposure of the Kpro and carrier cornea. The exposure was managed by...

Oct/Nov 2019 Quiz

History A 62-year-old female patient was referred for rapid growth of a left periorbital soft tissue lesion with proptosis. Her past medical history included: hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and bipolar disorder. On examination: vision in the affected eye was hand movements, right...

Results of changed treatment for retinoblastoma

Systemic chemotherapy was adopted in Kobe in 1996. In this study the authors analyse the clinical manifestations and results of treatment for patients with retinoblastoma since then. This review is of 43 eyes of 34 patients. Those with follow-up to...

Radiologic characteristics of cavernous venous malformations

This study is a retrospective review of cases with a preoperative radiologic diagnosis of cavernous venous malformations (CVMs) over 30 years. The aim of this study was to define imaging characteristics of CVMs, which will help differentiate these lesions from...