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1108 results found

COVID-19 and the eye: a review of ocular involvement and protective strategies

A lot of attention has been placed on the use of face coverings to limit COVID-19 transmission, but there has been less focus on ocular involvement and ocular protection strategies. The author reviews the literature and discusses possible solutions. The...

Ocular bubbly: a vitreoretinal update on the art of gases

The authors remind us of the revolutionary impact gases have had on retinal surgery. In 1938, Rosengren attempted to improve his retina repair surgical outcomes [1]. He discovered that suturing the retina or pressing externally on the sclera were not...

Ocular lubrication versus bandage contact lens in recurrent erosion syndrome (RES)

Twenty-nine patients (eight traumatic, five epithelial basement membrane dystrophy, two idiopathic) were randomised using SPSS to either ocular lubricants or bandage contact lenses (BCLs). Only patients previously treated with ocular lubricants were included. Patients with previous surgery, laser treatment, dry...

Therapeutic ocular surface medium for persistent corneal epithelial defect

Corneal ulcers and persistent epithelial defects (PEDs) are caused by a variety of different insults to the cornea, which includes limbal epithelial stem cell failure. PED may be resistant to healing with standard therapy such as frequent ointments and /...

Treatment of severe chronic ocular graft-versus-host disease

A retrospective study from Cologne, Germany, between November 2012 to March 2015, of 17 patients with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) treated with 100% single use vials autologous serum eye drops in sealed system. Visual acuity, corneal staining, frequency of artificial tears,...

Incidence of ocular myasthenia gravis and risk factors for conversion to generalised disease

This population based retrospective cohort study evaluates the incidence of ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) as well as risk factors for transformation to generalised myasthenia gravis (GMG). Sixty-five patients (40 male and 25 female) with newly diagnosed with myasthenia gravis (MG)...

Influence of FLEx and SMILE on corneal nerve density and ocular surface

This was a prospective study designed to compare the influence of femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) on the corneal nerve density and ocular surface for myopic correction. Thirty patients underwent bilateral lenticule extraction. One eye...

Intensive diabetes therapy and ocular surgery in type 1 diabetes

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) ran between 1983 and 1993 and showed that intensive glycaemic control was beneficial in reducing diabetic retinopathy in type 1 patients. There was a 76% reduction in onset of retinopathy and a 52%...

First systematic review of COVID-19 colonisation of ocular tissues and secretions

The authors present the first systematic review summarising all the data regarding SARS-CoV-2 colonisation of ocular and periocular tissues and secretions. They reviewed all publications between December 2019 to April 2020 in the Cochrane Library, Medline, World of Science and...

Evaluation of Optive® in ocular discomfort after anti-VEGF intravitreal injection

In this study the authors prospectively evaluated the efficacy of Optive® eye drops after in full, then abbreviation - intravitreal injection (IVT). Patients naïve to IVT were included in the study. No artificial tear treatment was prescribed after the first...

Ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid: the importance of early detection and treatment

Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is an autoimmune blistering disorder that is characterised by subepithelial bullae. The ocular manifestation of MMP, ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid (OMMP), is a sight-threatening condition characterised by conjunctival cicatricial changes associated with corneal vascularisation and scarring....

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) and ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN)

The authors present two cases of invasive OSSN in patients with severe AKC. Case 1 was a 73-year-old male with severe AKC and atopic eczema who developed a suspicious papillary-like limbal lesion in the left eye. He had an excisional...