You searched for "ocular"

1108 results found

Fingolimod: ocular adverse effects

In this article the authors review the ocular side-effects of Fingolimod which is an oral immunomodulating drug used in the management of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Fingolimod-associated macular oedema (FAME) is the most common ocular side-effect linked to this drug....

Uveitis ocular toxoplasmosis

This is a retrospective study of 106 patients between March 2011 and June 2018, of 37 IgM +group and 69 IgM - group of patients. The clinical features, demographics of patients with ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) were studied according to the...

Ocular manifestation of Marfan Syndrome

This repeated cross-sectional study collected data in 2003-2004 and 2014-2015 to investigate changes in ocular features in Marfan syndrome (MFS) fulfilling the Ghent-2 criteria. Ghent-2 is a set of criteria by which MFS are identified and includes aortic root aneurysm...

Ocular complications in retinal vasculitis

In this retrospective study the authors aimed to characterise the incidence rates of visual loss and ocular complications associated with retinal vasculitis (RV – annual incidence of 1-2/ 100000/ per annum). A secondary objective was to compare the visual outcomes...

Essentials of OCT in Ocular Disease

Sir Isaac Newton was the first to establish the technique of low coherence white light interferometry. Following on from this, the principle of laser interferometry as an imaging modality for retina was applied by David Huang and his associates in...

Ocular neuromyotonia features

The authors present eight cases of ocular neuromyotonia (ONM) with an overview of the pathophysiology, aetiology, clinical presentations and possible treatments. Diagnosis was made only after thorough and repeated orthoptic examinations and review of medication history. An overview of the...

Proning and ocular injury

This systemic review and meta-analysis investigated the incidence and type of ocular injuries reported in adult critical care from both prone and supine patients between January 1990 and July 2020. They reviewed 11 randomised controlled trials. In three trials, 28...

Ocular Dirofilariasis: a diagnosis on the rise?

Dirofilaria repens is one of 40 species of Dirofilaria. It is a zoonotic filarial nematode that commonly impacts dogs, however, human infection can occur through affected organs like skin, lung and eyes [1]. Although, there have been case reports of...

Caring for adults with an ocular tumour

Detection If you screen for an intraocular tumour, dilate the pupil. If the patient is driving, use phenylephrine only. If the patient declines, document this in the casenotes. Don’t forget to look for sentinel vessels, which would indicate a ciliary...

Simulated ocular surgery

See also Simulated ocular surgery - strabismus surgery and Simulated ocular surgery: pars plana vitrectomy and scleral buckling surgery This is the first of a series of articles that will have three aims. Firstly, to demonstrate why simulated ocular surgery...

Transcriptomic analysis of ocular tissues

Transcriptomics is defined as the analysis of the complete set of RNA transcripts present in a cell under different circumstances, quiescent versus challenge, by microarray analysis. Comparison of transcriptomes identifies genes that are differentially expressed in different cell populations under...

Resurfacing the ocular surface

The ocular surface (OS) is an anatomical and functional unit made of the tear film, the conjunctival, limbal and corneal epithelium, the lacrimal, mucous and meibomian glands and the lids and blink reflex. The tear film is composed of a...