You searched for "lesion"

1230 results found

A case of ipsilateral fourth nerve paresis and Horner’s syndrome

The author presents a single case report of an exceptional association between fourth nerve palsy and ipsilateral Horner’s Syndrome. The case is presented alongside magnetic resonance images (MRI) which reveal a mass in the right cavernous sinus. The 54-year-old woman...

Occult spread of squamous cell carcinoma into the orbit

The authors describe two cases that may represent perineural spread of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) into the orbit. Both cases had cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas in the region of the lateral orbital wall (innervated by the zygomatico-temporal nerve) which...

Assessment of slow and fast vergence in stroke survivors

The authors present the findings of a prospective cohort study. Three hundred and five stroke survivors were recruited consecutively. The following exclusion criteria were applied; aphasia, cognitive impairment, visual inattention, ocular motor nerve palsy and neuromuscular disease. Fifty age-matched controls...

Sclerochoroidal calcification masquerading as ocular malignancy

Case 1 A 68-year-old Caucasian gentleman was urgently referred to eye casualty by his optometrist after seeing an unusual incidental finding of protruding lesions from the retina, suspecting choroidal melanoma. He was asymptomatic and this was his first eye test...

Brain abnormality as risk factor for consecutive exotropia

The authors evaluated and compared the cerebral MRI findings in operated infantile esotropia cases with and without consecutive exotropia. This was a retrospective study of 28 patients. Group 1 had 17 cases of consecutive exotropia with a mean follow-up of...

Is this a retinal detachment?

Despite the help of allied health professionals in triaging and managing acute ophthalmic emergencies, eye casualty remains overburdened. Trainees at the beginning of their training often struggle to manage such busy clinics with varied presentations. We present a case that...

Near-infrared autofluorescence to diagnose retinal laser injuries

This retrospective observational case series aimed to assess whether near infrared autofluorescence (NIR-AR) imaging is a useful imaging modality in the diagnosis of hand-held laser retinal injuries. Twelve patients from two centres underwent ophthalmic assessment and retinal imaging including fundus...

Oct/Nov 2019 Quiz

History A 62-year-old female patient was referred for rapid growth of a left periorbital soft tissue lesion with proptosis. Her past medical history included: hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and bipolar disorder. On examination: vision in the affected eye was hand movements, right...

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) and ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN)

The authors present two cases of invasive OSSN in patients with severe AKC. Case 1 was a 73-year-old male with severe AKC and atopic eczema who developed a suspicious papillary-like limbal lesion in the left eye. He had an excisional...

Adjunctive topical 5-FU vs. MMC for surgically excised, localised OSSN

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) comprises a range of dysplasia including corneal-conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive squamous cell carcinoma. The traditional treatment for localised non-invasive OSSN has been surgical excision with or without intraoperative cryotherapy. Postoperative adjunctive topical chemotherapy significantly...

Localising the cause of bloody tears

The authors present two cases of ‘idiopathic’ bloody tearing. The paper presents the potential causes of bloody tearing, highlighting the difficulty that can be encountered in diagnosing and managing these patients. The authors use punctal plugs in these cases which...

Orbital Schwannomas

This is a large case series of orbital Schwannomas managed at a single centre over a 26-year period. Twenty Schwannomas are reported, all but one of which was managed surgically. The tumours were all benign, had an insidious onset and...