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Typical and atypical optic neuritis – diagnosis and initial management

Optic neuritis is a relatively common presentation to ophthalmologists in the acute setting. The vast majority are cases of ‘typical’ optic neuritis (ON) but a smaller group of conditions, so-called, ‘atypical’ optic neuritides require a different work-up and management strategy....

Hot debates in medical retina and imaging: Perspectives from the Controversies in Ophthalmology 2020 virtual conference

Controversies in medical retina and imaging were debated during the Controversies in Ophthalmology 2020 virtual conference held during two mid-day scientific sessions on 27 and 28 March 2020. The author recounts key perspectives and presents viewpoint recommendations from the Vision...

A revolution in modern genetic testing for the clinical management of ocular disease

Recent years have seen a huge increase in our understanding of the genetic factors underlying a wide variety of eye diseases. This has included common conditions such as glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration, as well as those conditions which have...

Newer generation IOL platforms designed for high-quality visual performance after cataract surgery

Expanding intraocular lens (IOL) capabilities provide broadening options, ranging from next-generation monofocal IOLs for basic cataract surgery, to specialised premium IOLs for lens-based presbyopia correction and astigmatism correction at the time of cataract surgery. Rod McNeil considers several newer alternative...

Outcomes of cataract surgery in eyes with weak zonules

Pseudoexfoliation (PEX) and zonular weakness have long been known to increase the risk of complication of cataract surgery. This retrospective study looks at the results of phacoemulsion and intraocular implantation in 295 eyes with pseudoexfoliation and zonular weakness, with a...

Vitreomacular traction and full thickness macular hole

Clinical scenario: A 64-year-old lady presented to the clinic with a few weeks history of sudden onset of metamorphopsia, central blur and reduced vision in her right eye. The ocular examination and ocular coherence tomography confirmed right eye focal vitreomacular...

Cataract surgery in patients with retinitis pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the commonest inherited cause of retinal degeneration. Posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC) develops in 41% to 90% of these patients by age 40 years. In this retrospective study, the authors have evaluated surgical outcomes in patients with...

Retinal prosthetics: science fiction or a vision for the future?

“Is it a fact – or have I dreamt it – that, by means of electricity, the world of matter has become a great nerve, vibrating thousands of miles in a breathless point of time?” – Nathaniel Hawthorne, The House...

Building research capacity through the VISION 2020 LINKS Programme

The aim is to build capacity for research in the region covered by the College of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa (COECSA). The project will build research capacity in three ophthalmology training institutions by ‘training the trainers’ and...

RNIB launches new campaign to dispel myths and encourage people to ‘See the person, not the sight loss’

Leading sight loss charity RNIB (Royal National Institute of Blind People) and The&Partnership has today (3 October 2022) launched a new campaign ‘See the person, not the sight loss’, challenging outdated public attitudes and misperceptions of sight loss.

DISC lens slow myopia progression in Hong Kong Chinese schoolchildren

This is a prospective double-blind randomised trial between September 2007 and October 2009. It included 221 children aged 8-13 years, with myopia between -1 and -5 Dioptres ≤1.00D. There were 111 patients in the defocus incorporated soft contact DISC group...

Single muscle surgery for hypertropia

The authors undertook partial tenotomies combined with graded marginal recession of single vertical rectus muscles to treat small angle hypertropia in four adults with fusion potential. They report dose response, surgical technique and outcomes. Dose response closely matched the theoretical...