You searched for "epithelium"

289 results found

Aug/Sep 2014 Quiz 2

History A 27-year-old man presented to the emergency department with blurred vision and central scotoma in the right eye (RE) over the previous weeks. He had no relevant medical history and he was not on any current medication. However, he...

Apr/May 2014 Quiz 1

History A 45-year-old man presents with left-sided epiphora. During a dacrocystorhinostomy (DCR), the wall of the lacrimal sac was noted to be bulky. The sac wall is biopsied and sent for routine histopathology examination. The pathologist notes a distinctive feature...

Clinical outcomes of AMT in acute ocular chemical injury

This is a retrospective study of patients from two units in Germany and UK between 1998 and 2008. The ocular chemical burns were classified by Roper-Hall and Dua classifications. A total of 72 eyes of 54 patients aged 37.3 years...

Results of STENTube for lacrimal intubation

The STENTube is designed with a varied diameter – a thin central segment with a diameter of 0.86mm and distal tube segments with larger 1.3mm diameter. The thin central segment is exposed at the medial canthus. The distal tubes tamponade...

Surgical complications of ReLEx

Femtosecond laser refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx) is a novel procedure for treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism, which eliminates the use of microkeratome and excimer laser. Currently there are two techniques: FLEx – femtosecond lenticule extraction (similar to conventional LASIK)...

ABCA1 mediates lipid efflux in the retina

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly population. There are two forms of AMD, dry and wet, the latter so named because of the presence of choroidal neovascularisation. Both forms lead to retinal pigment...

VDT use and dry eye disease in children

There has been an increase in the amount of work performed using video display terminals. This study compared school children with and without dry eye disease and evaluated the risk factors of dry eye disease and evaluated the risk factors...

Fluorescein angiography and OCT in myopic CNV

Fluorescein angiography (FA) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) are the most common examinations used in the management of anti-VEGF therapy in choroidal neovascularisation (CNV). In comparison to FA, OCT provides a noninvasive evaluation of the macula. Myopic CNV are...

RPE use similar pathway to regulatory T cells to inhibit immune response

Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells form an important part of the blood-retinal barrier that protects the neuronal cells responsible for sight. RPE cells are involved in innate and adaptive immune responses via expression of surface molecules and release of cytokines....

Neurotrophic keratitis

The authors present an overview of the aetiology, diagnosis, current and future management options of neurotrophic keratitis. This is a degenerative corneal disease that occurs following the compromise of trigeminal innervation, leading to hypoesthesia and / or anaesthesia. The aetiology...

Vital dyes in ophthalmology

This comprehensive review gives an excellent summary of the uses and properties of the different dyes available to aid better visualisation and diagnoses in ophthalmology. The authors clearly display the pharmacological properties, molecular details, osmolarity and indications in clinical ophthalmology...

High-fluence collagen cross-linking

The authors treat seven eyes with progressive keratoconus with a high energy (18mW) for five minutes delivering a total energy similar to that suggested by the original Dresden protocol (3mW for 30mins). All eyes had a thickness >400µm following epithelial...