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Oct/Nov 2015 Quiz

History A 16-year-old female presents with bilateral ocular irritation. The patient has a history of seasonal rhinitis and eczema and complains of itchy eyes, especially during the summer months. Examination shows bilateral mucoid discharge, conjunctival injection and eversion of both...

Transfected RPE cells inhibit AMD in rats

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Wet AMD is characterised by choroidal neovascularisation, new vessels into the retina, leading to leakage and tissue damage. Many proangiogenic factors particularly vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...

Corneal keloid: Report of natural history and Outcome of Surgical Management in Two Cases

Corneal keloids are rare and typically reported following trauma (including post-surgical) and has been reported without any trauma or previous surgery. A corneal keloid differs from a hypertrophied scar in that it occurs months/years after the injury, enlarges over time...

DMEK versus DSAEK

This systematic review and meta-analysis reviewed published evidence comparing two endothelial corneal transplants techniques; Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSEAK). DMEK involves transplanting Descemet membrane with endothelial cells without any overlying stroma. In DSAEK...

DSEK – five year results

This UK based study examined long-term descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) results, looking at graft survival and endothelial cell losses. Data on 210 grafts were included in analysis. Most frequent indication for DSEK was Fuch’s endothelial dystrophy (81.4%) and 46.3%...

Outcomes of primary and repeat DSAEKs

Retrospective analysis of results following primary and secondary descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEKs), carried out in Villa Serena-Villa Igea Private Hospitals in Italy, showed that primary and secondary DSAEK surgery result in similar visual outcomes, refractive errors and endothelial...

Apr/May 2018 Quiz

History A 57-year-old lady presents with a right subconjunctival lesion which has been increasing in size for three months (Figure 1). She has never had vision problems other than presbyopia. Past medical history: hypertension and asthma. On examination, she had...

Doctor prints cornea on demand!

Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are based on facts and which are ‘fake news’. Headline: Doctor prints cornea on demand! Dr Hideo Kodama from the Nagoya Municipal Industrial Research Institute first...

Platelet rich fibrin membrane for descemetocele

This case series described the use of a novel technique in the treatment of descemetocele. Three patients developed descemetoceles following infective keratitis with impending risk of corneal perforation. Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) membrane was prepared using 8ml of fresh venous...

Endothelial cell loss using different graft injectors in DMEK

This study aimed to investigate endothelial cell loss between two injector systems in descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts; a glass injector – modified Jones tube and a plastic injector – closed system IOL injector, the Viscoject 2.2 system. DMEK...

Quarter DMEK

This case report describes a novel technique where one quarter of Descemet’s membrane (DM) was transplanted during a quarter-descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) procedure. DMEK graft was prepared from a 58-year-old corneo-scleral donor after one week in culture. Peripheral DM...

Exudative age-related macular degeneration

The authors looked at macular lesions in eyes with newly diagnosed exudative age-related macular degeneration. The eyes of 23 patients were included and tested for visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, microperimetry, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography....