You searched for "embryology"

141 results found

HtrA1 enhances cell senescence

A genetic basis for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has been greatly advanced in recent years. The role of identified pathways such as complement factor H in AMD has been widely investigated. However, the effect of other gene variants identified by...

Bandage contact lens cultures after corneal collagen cross-linking

Corneal collagen cross-linking (CCL) is a treatment modality that has been shown to stop the progression of keratoconus. There have also been reports that CCL acts as an antimicrobiologic agent in treating resistant microbial keratitis. This study aimed to investigate...

Diagnosis of ocular tuberculosis

This review article provides an update on the methods diagnosing ocular tuberculosis (TB), the difficulties in making the diagnosis and makes recommendations to a more accurate diagnosis by combining the available diagnostic tests. Today ocular TB remains a presumptive clinical...

IVTA use in Behçet’s disease

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) injection (4mg/0.1ml) in controlling posterior segment inflammation in patients with Behçet’s disease. Medical records of consecutive patients diagnosed with Behçet’s who underwent IVTA between July 2005...

Coeliac disease and anterior scleritis

The authors present an interesting case report of recurrent anterior scleritis. Circulating IgA and IgG auto-antibodies directed against tissue transglutaminase, endomisium and gliadin are frequently elevated in patients with coeliac disease. The classic symptoms remain chronic diarrhoea, malabsorption syndromes and...

Culture positivity of needles for IVT injections

Given the worldwide use of intravitreal (IVT) injections, the authors of this paper set out to evaluate the rate of culture positivity of the needles used in routine IVT injections and compare this positivity between 27-gauge and 30-gauge needle tips....

Corneal Transplantation

This relatively small book provides a thorough overview of the history of corneal transplantation, an update on the anatomy and physiology of the cornea with particular reference to the components essential to keratoplasty procedures, also graft preparation and storage. There...

5-FU vs. Avastin as adjunct to conjunctival autograft

The authors compare the outcome of pterygium treatment using 5-fluorouracil as an adjunct to free conjunctival autograft versus bevacizumab (Avastin) as an adjunct to free conjunctival autograft, via a randomised controlled prospective study. Seventy eyes of 70 patients were included...

OCT angiography and retinal vein occlusions

In this retrospective, observational case series, the authors set out to evaluate the morphology of the superficial and deep capillary plexa of eyes that suffered a retinal vein occlusion (RVO) on OCT angiography (OCTA) and compare the findings with fluorescein...

Retinal morphology after PASCAL PRP treatment

The authors of this prospective cohort study set out to report the changes on Spectral Domain-OCT of PASCAL panretinal laser photocoagulation (PRP) treatment for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) or severe nonproliferative DR (NPDR) and the retinal morphology, from one hour...

OCT Angiography in Retinal and Macular Diseases

OCT angiography (OCT-A) is based on the concept that in a static eye, the only moving structure in the fundus of the eye is blood flowing through the vessels. This book explains how the technique allows a depth-resolved analysis and...

A Multidisciplinary Approach to Neovascular Glaucoma in a Patient with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia

An 84-year-old Caucasian male attended eye casualty with a four month history of reduced vision, a dull ache and photophobia in both eyes. He had also reported dizziness, weakness and intermittent epistaxis in the nine months prior to presentation. There...