You searched for "embryology"

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The embryology of the eye

Nobody claims to like embryology. At least nobody I know. It has been a neglected part of the curriculum since time immemorial and a vicious cycle occurs in which those with an incomplete understanding fail to appreciate the inherent beauty...

Embryology in clinical practice

The fascinating world of embryology is both beautiful and practical. It is a home video of our evolutionary history through the ages from the single cell through to the life aquatic, the development of gut, limbs and brain, and most...

The paediatric cataract: an overview of the embryology and pathophysiology

In the first of the two articles (see Part 2 here) on paediatric cataracts, Samuel Aryee reviews the aetiology of this condition. Cataracts arise from opacification of the natural transparent lens, which can cause partial or total blindness. Although the...

Basic and Clinical Science Course: Fundamentals and Principles of Ophthalmology 2019-2020 (updated textbooks)

The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) has updated a few more books for the 2019-2020 version of their textbooks. They come with the same clean matt finish, but the colour scheme is a bright sunshine yellow instead of green. Although...

The Lacrimal System Diagnosis, Management and Surgery (Second Edition)

The lacrimal drainage apparatus is an intricate conduit, the function of which depends on a complex interplay of its morphology and physiology. This book enhances our understanding of the disorders of the nasolacrimal system, their diagnosis, management and the surgical...

Vaughan and Asbury’s General Ophthalmology (19th edition)

Vaughan and Asbury’s General Ophthalmology (19th edition) is the latest update of this classic ophthalmology textbook that has been around for nearly 60 years. Written by British, American and Canadian authors, this book is intended for an international readership and...

A rare neonatal presentation of bilateral dacryocele and choanal atresia

Following a routine pregnancy, a newly delivered baby boy, born at term, was found to have increased work of breathing, stridor and a left medial canthal swelling. The baby required 100% oxygen via a face mask to maintain oxygen saturations....

An interview with Professor John Forrester

What made you choose ophthalmology as a career and how did your interest in academia develop? During Medical School at Glasgow University, I was getting progressively disillusioned with the career options while my colleagues and friends all seemed to quickly...

In conversation with John Forrester

What made you choose ophthalmology as a career and how did your interest in academia develop? During Medical School at Glasgow University, I was getting progressively disillusioned with the career options while my colleagues and friends all seemed to quickly...

Valuable resources for FRCOphth Part 1 exam preparation

The FRCOphth Part 1 exam is a difficult exam with an average pass rate of 46% in the last year. It is a requirement before entry into the third year of ophthalmology specialty training (OST). Passing this exam during foundation...

22q11.2 deletion syndrome

This study aimed to identify the ocular features of Turkish children born with this deletion syndrome. Sixteen children were reviewed (seven female and nine male) aged four months to 18 years. Two children died before the age of one year....

Ranibizumab safety in pregnancy

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role during pregnancy, and systemic anti-VEGF administration during this period should thus be avoided. VEGF is expressed in multiple embryonic and foetal tissues during development, with the highest levels found in the...