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65 results found

Management of congenital NLD obstruction

The authors evaluated changes in management of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) by surveying 1495 Association for Paediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus (AAPOS) members. The survey consisted of 21 multiple choice questions with anonymised return. Responses were received from 127 members...

Acute dacryocystic retention

This is a retrospective study of patients with acute dacryocystic retention (ADR). The condition is distinct from infectious dacryocystitis, and is characterised by an acute onset of pain and epiphora associated with a tender but not inflamed lacrimal sac thought...

Reliability of Fluorescein Dye Disappearance Test (FDDT)

The authors look at the role of the FDDT in the evaluation of adults with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) and its correlation with the age and severity of epiphora. They report the results of a prospective cross-sectional comparative...

Conjunctival melanoma involving the lacrimal drainage system

A total of 52 patients were diagnosed with conjunctival melanoma over a period of 17 years, 17 of whom required orbital exenteration. Five of these were found to have melanoma involving the lacrimal drainage apparatus (LDA). One was evident clinically...

Outcome of nasolacrimal probing in older children

The authors aimed to determine the success of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLD) probing in a cohort of patients older than four years with simple membranous obstruction. Eighteen patients were included in this retrospective study aged 5.6 years on average (4.1-10.6)....

Anatomical variations of the nasolacrimal system

The authors report a retrospective observational case series of 734 dacryocystography images; 689 from adult patients and 45 from paediatric patients. Of these 734 images, 35 (4.8%) were found to have an anatomical variant where the nasolacrimal duct emerged from...

Surgical management options for NLDO

The authors aimed to develop a current collective practice profile for management of nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). They conducted an online survey of American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus (AAPOS) members of which 142 completed surveys were collected within...

A case of congenital lacrimal fistula: an overview of diagnosis and management

Shivam Goyal and Kyaw Htun Aye describe the challenges of dealing with a rare case of congenitial lacrimal fistula.We present a case of a 19-month-old baby with a congenital abnormality. Congenital lacrimal fistulae are a spot diagnosis due to its...

Addressing medical risk factors for diabetes and understanding the new systemic treatments

As global diabetes figures continue to rise, the importance of reducing the burden of macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes has never been so great. By 2025 it is estimated that five million people in the UK will have diabetes...

Corectopia grading

The authors present a novel corectopia classification system using 28 eyes of 28 patients with or without corectopia. The grading and classification system for corectopia was as follows: (i) Direction of decentration: superior (DecS), superonasal (DecSN), nasal (DecN), inferonasal (DecIN),...

Intensive diabetes therapy and ocular surgery in type 1 diabetes

The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) ran between 1983 and 1993 and showed that intensive glycaemic control was beneficial in reducing diabetic retinopathy in type 1 patients. There was a 76% reduction in onset of retinopathy and a 52%...

A mouse model for uveal melanoma

Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common malignant tumour arising within the eye and is a severe threat for both sight and life, due to a high risk of metastasis. There are no animal models of UM, but the Tg(Grm1)...