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Medical management and diabetic retinopathy progression

The ACCORD Eye Study was designed to evaluate the benefit of intensive glycaemic control (HbA1c <6.0% vs 7.0-7.9%), intensive systolic blood pressure control (<120mmHg vs. <140mmHg), and combined fenofibrate and simvastatin therapy in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy....

Corneal thickness in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

This cross-sectional study assessed corneal thickness in association with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) severity. The study also tried to identify the layer of the cornea most affected by DPN status. Performed at the University of Michigan the study included three...

Inner nuclear layer of the retina showing increase in thickness in diabetic macular oedema

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in the developed world. With optical coherence tomography (OCT), it has become possible to image the retina in vivo and to measure retinal oedema by measuring retinal thickness (RT) with...

Diabetic polyneuropathy and risk of developing diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN), diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic nephropathy are widely classified as microvascular complications of diabetes. DPN, which may cause complete sensation loss, is another common complication of DM. The DPN-related diminished sensation presents a significant risk factor for...

Management of proliferative diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of blindness in the working-age population. Due to the worsening global epidemic of diabetes, the incidence of morbidity caused by the disease is set to increase [1]. The prevalence of diabetes in the UK...

Optic canal measurements in children

The authors aimed to determine the normal range of optic canal diameters in a Turkish pediatric population. They evaluated 200 CT examinations: 102 females, 98 males with mean age of 86.42 ±65.39 months (range 1-211). There was no significant difference...

Diabetic Macular Oedema

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that affects the metabolism of all three categories of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. This condition is characterised by chronic hyperglycaemia [1]. This can cause end organ damage. The estimated worldwide diabetes prevalence for 2010...

100 years of insulin

*Joint first authors The centenary of the discovery of insulin is a time to celebrate one of the most significant scientific discoveries of the 20th century. Background Before 1923, Type 1 diabetes mellitus [T1DM] resulted in death from severe ketoacidosis...

Prevalence of acute anterior uveitis in diabetic patients attending diabetic eye disease clinics

The authors share their investigation at Manchester Royal Eye Hospital into the association between diabetes and AAU. The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is rapidly rising from an estimated 9.3% in 2019 to 10.2% by 2030 [1]. The link...

Fundus photography in Malawi – setting up a screening programmefor diabetic retinopathy

We present the case of a 53-year-old lady who presented to the diabetes outpatient clinic at Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH), Lilongwe, Malawi. She was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus six years ago, for which she takes metformin orally. She...

Akimba mice, a model of human diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major complication of diabetes and a growing problem as the systemic disease becomes more prevalent. DR develops insidiously from an asymptomatic form through to vascular damage that leads to oedema and breakdown of the blood-retinal...

Tackling diabetic retinopathy globally through the VISION 2020 LINKS Diabetic Retinopathy Network

It is abundantly clear that the burden of diabetes is rapidly increasing, as there are now 415 million adults with diabetes in the world, with a projected rise to 642 million by 2040 [1]. This equates to 1 in 10...