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A phase 3 randomised trial of nicotinamide for skin cancer chemoprevention

To B3, or not to B3? That was the question asked in this controlled trial in which the authors were able to show that oral nicotinamide (vitamin B3) is able to reduce further skin cancer development in high risk patients....

Students, soccer and slit-lamps in Ethiopia: a VISION 2020 LINK

Wachemo University campus. The Ethiopian Government is well aware of the brain drain amongst health workers and, to compensate, is training huge numbers of medical students, nurses and health officers in universities like Wachemo, a massive new University near Hosanna...

Association between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol with meibomian gland assessments in postmenopausal women

This study aims to reveal any correlation between serum levels of testosterone and estradiol in postmenopausal women with meibomian gland dysfunction. Postmenopausal subjects were defined as amenorrhoea for at least one year with low follide stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol....

White dot syndromes

It is fair to say that trainees and consultants who are not medical retina specialists are a bit scared of the so called retinal ‘white dot syndromes’. It is easy to understand why this is the case, as almost every...

The 2020 Milgram Experiment

Will ophthalmology recover from COVID-19? Learning Curve columnist Gwyn Samuel Williams shares his thoughts on the developing impact of the pandemic “It’s busy today,” the nurse in green chuckles. “There are six patients I think.” Six. This clinic is designed...

Regulatory drug evaluations and expedited review initiatives: EU and US perspectives

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) and United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) each conduct independent assessments of benefit-risk profile when evaluating applications to market new or modified medicines, and their respective decision-making is guided by distinct legislation, procedures and...

Oral omega-3 fatty acid treatment for dry eye in contact lens wearers

This study evaluates the effect of dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation of dry eye symptoms, tear film tests, and conjunctival impression cytology in patients with contact lens wear-associated dry eye. In this randomised double-blind, multi-centred trial, contact lens wearers (n=...

Reliability of kinetic perimetry in children and young adults

This study reports on normative visual field area, feasibility and repeatability of testing for a large sample size of healthy children and young adults, using Octopus semi-automated kinetic perimetry. Sample included 221 healthy volunteers aged 5-22 years. The study was...

Outcomes of corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK)

This was a retrospective non-comparative, interventional case series of 50 eyes in 50 patients with symptomatic PBK who underwent CXL (epithelium-off). Central corneal thickness (CCT), pain score, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and corneal transparency were recorded at baseline; at...

Features of Behcet’s disease

This is a retrospective single centre study from Paris, France, between the periods of 1986 to 2015. Twenty-nine out of 217 (13.3%) neuro-Behcet’s disease (NBD) patients presented with neuro-ophthalmic manifestations (55% of men and mean age of 28 years). Sixteen...

How does low-concentration atropine reduce progression of myopia?

This is a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial evaluating the effects of low-concentration atropine (0.05%, 0.025%, 0.01%) on ocular biometrics of myopic children. The aim is to determine what aspect of ocular biometrics low-concentration atropine influenced in reducing the progression of...

Cutaneous malignant melanoma metastasis to pseudophakic lens

Metastases to the eye and orbit are rare and intraocular cutaneous malignant melanoma metastasis (ICMM) is exceedingly rare, representing around 5%. There have only been three previous cases of ICMM to the lens in the literature, all of which presented...