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Strategies for managing neovascular AMD and DMO in routine clinical care

Treatment practice in the management of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic macular oedema (DMO) illustrate increasing adoption of patient-tailored treatment approaches based on initial diagnosis and regular monitoring of imaging and visual outcomes in routine clinical care. The...

Do patient demographics influence AMD clinic attendance during COVID-19 lockdown?

The authors assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adherence to scheduled clinic appointments among age-related macular degeneration patients in a clinic in North Wales. The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected the population, affecting economic and social wellbeing, whilst...

The role of injection assistant devices in establishing a nurse-led AMD service

The author shares his experience of setting up a nurse-led service to deliver anti-VEGF intravitreal injections and how injection assistant devices supported training. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has become a leading cause of irreversible blindness [1]. It is estimated that...

Injection frequency and anatomic outcomes following conversion to Aflibercept in neovascular AMD patients

This is a retrospective study of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) treated with intravitreal Lucentis and / or Avastin who were switched to aflibercept (Eylea). This study was carried out by the Casey Eye Institute retinal clinics, between...

Comparison of retinal pigment epithelium-choroid graft surgery and anti-VEGF therapy in patients with wet AMD

This was a randomised intervention study in wet AMD patients to investigate benefits of free RPE-choroid graft transplantation surgery versus (continuation of) anti-VEGF treatment. Twenty patients who met the inclusion criteria were subdivided into three subgroups, i.e. RPE tears involving...

Reduced blood flow and age-related macular degeneration

This was a prospective cross-sectional study assessing changes in blood flow velocity in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using a retinal function imager. Sixty eyes with wet AMD were compared to 53 control eyes and the average blood flow...

Age-related macular degeneration in elderly persons in Germany

The authors present the findings of a cross-sectional study in 11 seniors’ community centres. Eleven community centres were screened with a total of 281 participants. A third of participants with gradable images were in normal retinal health (32%).The most common...

Conjunctivochalasis and aqueous tear deficiency – which one causes symptoms?

This review sought to determine whether conjunctivochalasis (CCh) obliterates the fornix tear reservoir and thus mimics aqueous tear deficiency (ATD). Patients were divided into two groups, with aqueous tear deficiency (CCh +ATD) or without (CCh –ATD), based on results of...

Aqueous humour cytokine levels in PCV and nAMD

This study looks into the possible roles of various cytokines or growth factors in the pathogenesis of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by comparing aqueous levels of 14 cytokines between eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and those with neovascular...

The global burden of age-related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the third leading cause of blindness (behind cataract and refractive error). The authors present the results of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study, which included 195 countries. The disability-adjusted life years (DALY) due...