Comparison of two visual acuity test versions for different distances in a paediatric population

The authors present the findings of a study which aimed to determine whether using 2 metre and 4 metre retro-illuminated ETDRS charts are comparable in children. Order of testing was standardised (right eye, left eye, binocular), however different charts were...

Association of pendular waveform and retinal disorders

The authors aimed to evaluate the relationship between retinal disorders and pendular low amplitude high frequency components (PLAHF) waveform by collecting nystagmus eye movement recordings, electroretinography (ERG) and gene tests. Retinal disorders were diagnosed by clinical phenotype and genotype characteristics....

Prisms to treat AACE

Of 128 patients reviewed with binocular dysfunction, 30 (23.4%) had acute acquired concomitant esotropia (AACE). These patients complained of sudden onset diplopia at distance with no or moderate problems at near. There was no previous history of strabismus. Mean age...

Ametropia prevalence and types in China

This study aimed to determine the prevalence and type of ametropia in Yunnan multi-ethnic regions. The study included 24,296 students aged 7-12 years (90.99%) in the study area of five different regions. There were 51% males and 32.2% minorities. Ametropia...

Imaging findings for macular dysplasia in nystagmus

This paper reports the retrospective analysis of congenital macular dysplasia in patients with albinism, macular heterotopias, congenital aniridia, foveal hypoplasia, congenital macular coloboma and congenital retinoschisis. The study included 29 eyes of 17 patients. The authors report SD-OCT aids diagnosis...

Changes in axial length and refraction in young Chinese school children

The authors aimed to assess refractive error and axial length in children aged seven to eight years (grades 1-2) starting education in South China. The study reviewed 301 students and obtained data for analysis from 291 (50.2% female). Average axial...

SO tendon advancement for SO palsy

The authors report a series of 14 patients with unilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy having unilateral SO tendon advancement with or without other vertical muscle surgery. This was a retrospective study with mean age of patients of 16.7 years and...

V pattern surgery

Inferior oblique (IO) muscle belly transposition involves fixing the belly of the IO to the sclera at 5mm posterior to the temporal insertion of the inferior rectus (IR). This study reports the clinical outcomes of bilateral surgery to treat V...

Iranian prevalence of strabismus

There is little prior evidence on prevalence of strabismus in Iran. Thus, this study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of strabismus types in Azad University students aged 18-25 years in South West Iran. A total of 752 of 826...

Characteristics of Down’s syndrome in Iran

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of ocular disorders and pathologies in a sample of Down’s syndrome aged 10-30 years. This was a cross-sectional study in Iran of 226 participants aged 16.05 ±4.82 years. There were 118 males and...

Refraction results in ROP with and without IVB

The authors aimed to compare refractive results of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection in premature neonates with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) versus infants with spontaneous regression of ROP. The study included 87 infants (174 eyes). Group 1 included 38 infants (76...

Change in hyperopia with strabismus

This study aimed to evaluate hyperopic evolution patterns in children with early diagnosis (before three years) and treatment. This was a retrospective study of 78 eyes of 39 children. Forty-nine percent were males and mean follow-up was 130 months (72-193)....