A survey of neuro-ophthalmologists on use of corticosteroids in giant cell arteritis

While corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment in giant cell arteritis (GCA), the type, dose, route and duration of treatment remains controversial. The authors surveyed 180 neuro-ophthalmologists on their use of this treatment via email in a two-month period. Results...

Detection of post stroke visual impairment in variety of cohorts

The Impact of Visual Impairment after Stroke (IVIS) study introduced a standardised vision assessment protocol across three acute stroke units in the northwest of England, with a similar demographic population (predominantly white British). The study reported similar rates of visual...

Detailed overview of diplopia causes and outcomes for a single tertiary care centre

The purpose of this study was to study the aetiology, progression and outcome in patients with binocular diplopia presenting to the ophthalmology department of a tertiary care centre in India. The study had a prospective observational design where all patients...

Spot screener versus Grand Seiko measurements

The authors aimed to determine repeatability and reproducibility of refractive values and pupil size measured using the Spot Vision Screener and to compare its measurement values with the Grand Seiko autorefractor. This was a cross-sectional study of 22 healthy adults;...

Visual outcomes after surgery for primary RRD in era of microincision vitrectomy

This is a prospective, multicentre, nationwide study between 2016 and 2017, to investigate the preoperative ocular factors, surgical techniques (pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) or scleral buckling (SB), or combined procedures) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and postoperative best corrected visual...

Visual outcomes after surgery for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in era of microincision vitrectomy

This is a prospective, multicentre, nationwide study between 2016 and 2017, to investigate the preoperative ocular factors, surgical techniques (pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) or scleral buckling (SB), or combined procedures) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and postoperative best corrected visual...

Visual and refractive outcomes and complications in FLACS versus CPS cataract surgery

This is a randomised, controlled study of 110 paired eyes from 55 patients that were randomised into either femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) or conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (CPS) groups. Visual, refractive outcomes, intraocular pressure (IOP) and complications were compared...

Characteristics of Charles Bonnet syndrome in patients with neovascular AMD

This retrospective cross-sectional study aimed to characterise various aspects of Charles Bonnet syndrome hallucinations among patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Five hundred and ten consecutive patients were asked a screening question to determine if they had ever suffered...

Restoration of colour perception in patients with retinitis pigmentosa

This is a case series testing the feasibility of using bioelectronic retinal prostheses to partially restore colour perception in seven patients with advanced retinitis pigmentosa. Bioelectronic retinal prostheses are able to bypass degenerated photoreceptors to directly stimulate the inner retinal...

Mechanism of colour vision involvement in multiple sclerosis

There is evidence to show that the optic nerve and retina are affected in multiple sclerosis (MS) even without any clinical evidence or history of optic neuritis (ON). MS without optic neuritis causes colour-vision deficit, however, the evidence for selective...

Smartphone use and its effects on eyes

Longitudinal pilot study on 12 young healthy adults comparing effects of smartphone use over a 60-minute period. Reading conditions and smartphone use was standardised for all participants. Ocular symptoms, tear function and binocular vision were assessed before and after each...

Glaucoma and capillary perfusion

Elevated IOP is important but not the sole factor responsible for retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death and optic nerve damage in glaucoma. There is increasing evidence that visual loss correlates with macular inner retinal thinning. A total of 148 eyes...