Choroidal thickness in strabismus and amblyopia

The authors examined the effect of exotropia, esotropia, anisometropic amblyopia and hypermetropia on choroidal thickness in a prospective cross section study. The study included 100 patients and 20 controls with a mean age of 8.5±2.9 years; 61 female and 59...

Iranian prevalence of strabismus and heterophoria

Previous studies in parts of Iran report a childhood prevalence of strabismus of 1.2 to 2.3%. The authors aimed to evaluate the prevalence of strabismus in underserved rural areas of Iran in all age groups. In 2015 they conducted a...

IXT control vs. binocular summation

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of BS scores with other current markers used for evaluating the control in preoperative intermittent exotropia (IXT) patients. Data was collected on stereoacuity, angle of deviation, Newcastle control score (NCS),...

Stereo distance in XT

The test distance effect on stereoacuity was explored in a population with intermittent exotropia along with use of two types of stereograms with crossed and uncrossed disparity. At near and distance distances, the median for both disparities was 60”; 79%...

Lost muscle surgery

The authors present the results of transposition surgery without concomitant lateral rectus weakening in a retrospective review of five cases. Surgery was for large exotropia and marked limitation of adduction after surgical loss of the medial rectus muscle. Mean age...

Medial rectus surgery with development delay

The long-term results of bilateral medial rectus surgery are evaluated in 42 children with development delay. Mean age pre-surgery was 2.9 years with a mean follow-up of 4.6 years. Mean angle of esotropia was 44.29±13.9PD; 57% achieved surgical success; 31%...

Pseudostrabismus leading to strabismus

The authors aimed to evaluate the incidence of strabismus in children initially diagnosed with pseudostrabismus and identify risk factors for development of strabismus. This was a retrospective review of 65 patients with a diagnosis of pseudostrabismus; two exo and 63...

Factors indicating better stereopsis for APAET

The purpose of this study was to determine preoperative factors that affect postoperative stereopsis in patients with acquired partially accommodative esotropia (APAET). This retrospective study was undertaken over a five-year period. Eighty-four subjects had surgery for APAET and 57 met...

PALs use for convergence excess esotropia

This retrospective study includes a disparate group of 39 esotropic patients with an accommodative element from two different clinics with differing prescribing practices. Seven children were excluded due to previous treatment or insufficient follow-up. In all patients single vision glasses...

Supranuclear palsy

This paper reports the results of surgery for supranuclear monocular elevation deficiency. Contralateral superior rectus maximal recession was undertaken without interfering with the superior oblique tendon position, transection of the superior oblique to the superior rectus frenulum and directly suturing...

Muscle insertion measurement by ultrasound biomicroscopy

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) preoperatively and postoperatively in patients having primary horizontal muscle surgery. Sixteen eyes of 15 patients with concomitant horizontal strabismus were evaluated; mean age 21.1 ±3.3 years,...

Associations of esotropia with shunts

This study explored the characteristics and outcomes of children with esotropia and ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt placement due to hydrocephalus. The authors conducted a retrospective study of 16 patients (nine female, seven male) aged three months to 5.6 years (mean 17...