MISS vs. fornix approach

The objectives of this study were to compare minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) with the fornix approach in paediatric horizontal strabismus surgery (<12 years) and to evaluate early postoperative inflammation, visual acuity and operating time after a four-year training period...

PALs use for convergence excess esotropia

This retrospective study includes a disparate group of 39 esotropic patients with an accommodative element from two different clinics with differing prescribing practices. Seven children were excluded due to previous treatment or insufficient follow-up. In all patients single vision glasses...

Supranuclear palsy

This paper reports the results of surgery for supranuclear monocular elevation deficiency. Contralateral superior rectus maximal recession was undertaken without interfering with the superior oblique tendon position, transection of the superior oblique to the superior rectus frenulum and directly suturing...

Refractive changes after surgery

A long-term follow-up study was conducted to report power vector analysis of refractive astigmatic changes in a large group of 137 patients (250 eyes) undergoing horizontal strabismus surgery. Fifty-four percent were male. The average age was 9.22±8.21 years. Fifty-five percent...

Three methods of suppression measurement

Test-retest reliability and interchangeability are evaluated for three filter bars available to measure density of suppression: Sbisa bar, Bagolini filter (BF) bar and neutral density filter (NDF) bar. The study involved 10 strabismic adults. Testing conditions were altered and effects...

Persian AS20 validation

The authors developed a Persian version of the AS20 questionnaire and used the new version to evaluate the effect of strabismus surgery on health-related quality of life. Two independent bilingual translators translated the English version AS20 into Persian. The two...

Muscle insertion measurement by ultrasound biomicroscopy

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) preoperatively and postoperatively in patients having primary horizontal muscle surgery. Sixteen eyes of 15 patients with concomitant horizontal strabismus were evaluated; mean age 21.1 ±3.3 years,...

Stereopsis in late strabismus correction

This prospective study evaluated effect of successful surgical alignment on improvement of stereopsis in 34 adults (15 female, 19 male) with childhood strabismus to determine the prognostic factors for sensory outcome. Fourteen cases were esotropic and 20 exotropic with mean...

Automated Bruckner device accuracy

The authors developed a Bruckner device, examined volunteers and determined the relation between the luminance of the red fundus reflex and eye rotation. Eye rotation was varied continuously both horizontally (-7 to 8 degrees) and vertically (five degree total range)...

Mental health issues linked with strabismus

The purpose of this study was to determine if adults with non-paralytic forms of strabismus are at elevated risk for developing mental illness. This was a population-based case-controlled study of 297 adults with new onset non-paralytic strabismus; 42.4% were male....

Prism cover test variances

The purpose was to establish the inter-examiner variability and agreement between more than two examiners assessing children and adult patients. The study involved four experienced examiners. The alternate prism cover test (APCT) was conducted at near and distance in 41...

Medial rectus recession in Grave’s orbitopathy

The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyse the surgical effect / success rate of recession of the medial rectus in 90 patients with horizontal diplopia. Mean age was 52.5 ±9.4 years. Of that 24% had unilateral medial rectus...