A retrospective medical notes review in patients with poor vision due to NAION

Very severe visual loss (hand movements or less) is typical of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION) and relatively rare in non-arteritic AION (NAION). This study aimed to report the frequency of very poor visual acuity (VA) in NAION. The...

Unusual case presentation of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors present a single case of an 84-year-old man with arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, but with unusual features on temporal artery biopsy. He presented with a three-day history of sudden onset of loss of vision in his right...

Unique case of steroid-induced intraocular pressure spike causing NAION

The literature describes previous cases of nonarteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) following rapid rises in intraocular pressure (IOP) leading to reduced optic nerve head perfusion and disruption. This is commonly following ophthalmic procedures, acute glaucoma or steroid eye drops....

A novel way to distinguish between types of anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors evaluate the monocyte to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio (MHR) in patients with arteritic and non arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (A-AION / NA-AION). A distinction between the two types of AION is essential to begin appropriate treatment, which...

A novel way to diagnose optic neuropathies using Bruch’s membrane opening

Differential diagnosis of optic neuropathies can be challenging but is crucial for the correct management of the underlying disease and prevention of further damage. Bruch’s membrane opening (BMO) was recently discovered as the anatomical border of the optic disc. BMO...

Prognostic factors for visual acuity in patients with LHON after gene therapy

This retrospective study investigates prognostic factors affecting the visual acuity after a single intravitreal injection of rAAV2-ND4 gene therapy in 53 patients with Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) with mutation at site 11 778. Patients were reviewed one and three...

OCT-A imaging in Grave’s orbitopathy and orbital decompression

In this case series of 12 patients and 24 orbits, the authors describe the changes in the optic nerve and peripapillary blood vessel density in patients with moderate to severe Grave’s Orbitopathy (GO) undergoing orbital decompression. The patients undergoing orbital...

Investigation of blood platelet parameters in anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The aim of this clinical retrospective comparative study was to assess the possible relationship between arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AAION) and non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) with blood platelet parameters and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR). The medical records of...

Paraneoplastic optic neuropathy features

This is a retrospective review of seven patients diagnosed with paraneoplastic optic neuropathy (PON) between January 2015 and June 2017. Five patients had a history of primary malignancy, including papillary thyroid carcinoma, type B thymoma, testicular seminoma and lung carcinoma....

Is exenteration helpful in invasive fungal sinusitis?

Invasive fungal sinusitis is a potentially lethal disease that causes painful orbital apex syndrome with ophthalmoplegia and visual loss. The mechanism of ophthalmoplegia and visual loss is not clear, and neither is the role of radical surgery-orbital exenteration. The authors...

Diagnosis of amiodarone-associated optic neuropathy

Amiodarone is a widely used anti-arrhythmic drug. Several case reports describe optic neuropathy which has been linked to its use. This case series discusses the diagnosis of amiodarone-associated optic neuropathy (AAON) and its potential impact on cardiac therapy. The authors...

Overview of traumatic optic neuropathy

The authors present the clinical features and role of various treatment modalities on the final vision outcome in traumatic optic neuropathy (TON). They retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with a diagnosis of TON over a four year period in...

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