Stereo distance in XT

The test distance effect on stereoacuity was explored in a population with intermittent exotropia along with use of two types of stereograms with crossed and uncrossed disparity. At near and distance distances, the median for both disparities was 60”; 79%...

Lost muscle surgery

The authors present the results of transposition surgery without concomitant lateral rectus weakening in a retrospective review of five cases. Surgery was for large exotropia and marked limitation of adduction after surgical loss of the medial rectus muscle. Mean age...

Medial rectus surgery with development delay

The long-term results of bilateral medial rectus surgery are evaluated in 42 children with development delay. Mean age pre-surgery was 2.9 years with a mean follow-up of 4.6 years. Mean angle of esotropia was 44.29±13.9PD; 57% achieved surgical success; 31%...

Muscle insertion measurement by ultrasound biomicroscopy

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) preoperatively and postoperatively in patients having primary horizontal muscle surgery. Sixteen eyes of 15 patients with concomitant horizontal strabismus were evaluated; mean age 21.1 ±3.3 years,...

BT for intermittent exotropia

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin (BT) on the amount of deviation and fusional control state of intermittent exotropia. Twenty-one patients (five male and 16 female) aged five to 18 years with progression of exotropia were...

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